- Inventory number
- Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
- General José de Palafox on Horseback
- 248 cm x 224 cm
- On display
- Javier Goya, before 1831. Palafox, 1831. Don Francisco Palafox y Soler, II Duke of Zaragoza. Prado Museum, February 23, 1900
This portrait of José Rebolledo de Palafox y Melci (1775-1847), Field Marshal of Zaragoza, commemorates his defense of the city in 1808 when it was besieged by the French during the War of Independence. Palafox became a symbol of patriotic resistence to the invader when he refused to capitulate despite the terrible state in which his city and its defenders found themselves.
Goya seems to have taken advantage of this slightly theatrical composition to bring out the model's vanity. Indeed, it was Palafox himself who commissioned the work in 1814. Still, this painting's extremely rich and careful technique is outstanding.
This portrait was bequeathed to the Prado Museum by Francisco Palafox y Soler, the General's son.