Inventory number
P02548
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Spanish)
Title
Industry
Chronology
1801-1805
Technique
Temple
Support
Lienzo
Diameter
227 cm
School
Española
Theme
Alegoría
On display
Yes
Provenance
Palacio de Godoy, Madrid. Quedó en el edificio, como parte de su decoración, cuando en 1807 pasó a ser sede del Consejo del Almirantazgo y, sucesivamente, de la Biblioteca Real, y de las Secretarías de Gracia y Justicia, Guerra, Marina y Hacienda. Ingresó en el Museo del Prado en 1932, depositado por el Ministerio de Marina, como intercambio con obras del Museo.

Two young women spin at their wheels in the workshop of a tapestry factory, recalling Velasquez's Tapestry Weavers (P1173). Goya interprets the scene as an allegory of Industry, in which young women work with enthusiasm and energy. The shadowy old women in the background may be the Fates of Classical Mythology, who weave and cut the threads of life.

This work was commissioned by Manuel Godoy (1767-1851), prince of Peace and Prime Minister to King Carlos IV (1748-1851). It was designed to decorate the large monumental stairs at his recently restored palace. This is part of a group of four tondos with allegorical subject matter. the other three are Science (now lost), Agriculture (P2547) and Industry (P2548), which are also at the Prado Museum. The choice of these subjects has been interpreted as an effort on Godoy's part to present himself as the quintessential enlightened politician who fosters the development of the country he governs by favoring the development of science and its most important applications, according to the symbols of the economic societies of the Enlightenment.

This composition is distorted so that the pieces can be seen correctly from below when it is hung at some height. It's technique is surprising in its rapidity and its strong, rapid brushstrokes.

 
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