Inventory number
P02898
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Spanish)
Title
Juan Bautista de Muguiro
Chronology
1827
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
103 cm x 85 cm
School
Española
Theme
Retrato
On display
Yes
Provenance
Juan Bautista de Muguiro e Iribarren, Burdeos, 1827. Madrid, por herencia a su sobrino, Juan Bautista de Muguiro y Beruete, II conde de Muguiro, quien lo legó al Museo en 1908, manteniendo el usufructo su hijo Fermín, III conde de Muguiro, sobrino nieto del retratado. Ingresó finalmente en el Museo del Prado, a su muerte, en 1945.

Holding a letter in his hand, Juan Bautista Muguiro sits beside his desk, on which an inkwell is visible. This representation exalts his stature as a banker taking care of his business. An inscription mentions that the painting was made by Goya in May, 1827, in Bordeaux, when he was eighty-one. As the painter died in April 1828, this may well be his last known work.

There are some differences with his earlier works. The sure brushstrokes of his youth had lasted until his first years of old age; here, the sureness is broken, it trembles or becomes impalpable as a result of his advanced age and illness. Nevertheless, his technique is very elaborate, almost miniaturist, in the face and hands. The mixture of colors in the short and juicy brushstrokes reveal Goya's march toward modernity, even in his final painting.

Muguiro's liberal condition is present in the canvas with all the intensity of a real physical presence, and Goya reveals the tranquility, firm spirit and idealism of this character exiled for his political ideas.

 
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