Inventory number
P02447
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Title
María Antonia Gonzaga, Dowager Marchioness of Villafranca
Chronology
Ca. 1795
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimensions
87 cm x 72 cm
School
Spanish
Theme
Portrait
On display
No
Provenance
Marchioness widow of Villafranca(?), Madrid, 1795; XII Marquess of Villafranca, 1821; Don Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Palafox, XIII Marquess of Villafranca, 1867; Don José Joaquín Álvarez de Toledo y Silva, Duke of Medina-Sidonia; Don Alonso Álvarez de Toledo y Caro, XV Marquess of Los Vélez y XXVI Count of Niebla; Prado Museum, 1926

A more than half-length portrait of María Antonia Gonzaga (1735-1801), the Marchioness widow of Villafranca. She appears seated, with a dark dress, a blue ribbon in her hear, and another large blue ribbon and a rose pinned to the white shawl on her shoulders.

The Marchioness, who belonged to one of the most aristocratic families of Spanish nobility, was widowed in 1773 upon the death of Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, XI Marquise of the Villafranca. She was the mother of José Álvarez de Toledo, XI Marquis of the same title, who married María Teresa de Silva, Duchess of Alba.

In this masterful portrait, Goya captures perfectly both the small and fragile body of Maria Antonia Gonzaga and her strong character, especially present in her fixed and decisive gaze.

Goya's portrait of her son, José Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba, XI Marquis of Villafranca (P02449), is also in the Prado Museum collection.

 
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