Inventory number
P02447
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Spanish)
Title
María Antonia Gonzaga, Marchioness widow of Villafranca
Chronology
1795
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
87 cm x 72 cm
School
Española
Theme
Retrato
On display
Yes
Provenance
Legado Alonso Álvarez de Toledo y Caro, XV marqués de los Vélez y XXVI conde de Niebla, al Museo del Prado, 1897 (Madrid, 1795; marquesa viuda de Villafranca (?), 1801; XII marqués de Villafranca, 1821; Pedro Álvarez de Toledo y Palafox, XIII marqués de Villafranca, 1867; José Joaquín Álvarez de Toledo y Silva, duque de Medina-Sidonia; Alonso Álvarez de Toledo y Caro, XV marqués de los Vélez y XXVI conde de Niebla; Trinidad Caballero y Muguiro, en usufructo hasta 1926).

A more than half-length portrait of María Antonia Gonzaga (1735-1801), the Marchioness widow of Villafranca. She appears seated, with a dark dress, a blue ribbon in her hear, and another large blue ribbon and a rose pinned to the white shawl on her shoulders.

The Marchioness, who belonged to one of the most aristocratic families of Spanish nobility, was widowed in 1773 upon the death of Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, XI Marquise of the Villafranca. She was the mother of José Álvarez de Toledo, XI Marquis of the same title, who married María Teresa de Silva, Duchess of Alba.

In this masterful portrait, Goya captures perfectly both the small and fragile body of Maria Antonia Gonzaga and her strong character, especially present in her fixed and decisive gaze.

Goya's portrait of her son, José Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba, XI Marquis of Villafranca (P2449), is also in the Prado Museum collection.

 
Ministerio de Cultura. Gobierno de España; abre en ventana nueva
España es cultura Spain is culture
Copyright © 2014 Museo Nacional del Prado.
Calle Ruiz de Alarcón 23
Madrid 28014
Tel. +34 91 330 2800.
All rights reserved