Inventory number
P01187
Author
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Spanish)
Title
Maria de Austria, Queen of Hungary
Chronology
Ca. 1630
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
59,5 cm x 44,5 cm
School
Española
Theme
Retrato
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (colección Felipe V, Quinta del duque del Arco, El Pardo-Madrid, sexta pieza que sirve de gabinete, 1745, [¿nº 109?]; Quinta del duque del Arco, pieza sexta de gabinete, 1794, nº 135; Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1808).

This is a bust portrait of Felipe IV's sister. She wears a grey gauze ruff over a tawny dress. The dark background is traditional in Velázquez's portraits.

It was painted in Naples during the artist's first trip to Italy and coincided with María of Austria's passage on the way to Vienna, where she was to marry Fernando de Habsburgo, King of Hungary and future Emperor Fernando III.

Velázquez adopted a bust format, which was appropriate for portraits free of the artifice and pomp of official images. This portrait was intended for King Felipe IV, who wanted to have an image of his sister before she departed. The painter thus crafts a portrait that is truly intimate and close to the viewer.

Curiously, the artist still had this work with him when he died, probably so that he could use it as a model for later portraits. It reappeared in the collection of the Duke of El Arco in 1745 and then entered the Royal Collection.

 
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