Inventory number
P01685
Author
Rubens, Peter Paul
Title
Marie de Medici, Queen of France
Chronology
Ca. 1622
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimensions
131 cm x 108 cm
School
Flemish
Theme
Portrait
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (Real Alcázar, Madrid, Galeria del Cierzo, 1686, s.n.; Real Alcázar, Galeria del Cierzo, 1701, nº 185; Real Alcázar, Pinturas que se hallaron en las Bobedas de Palacio, 1734, nº 218; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, primera sala de la Furriera, 1747, nº 125; Palacio Real Nuevo, Antecámara del señor Infante don Luis, 1772, nº 125; Palacio Real Nuevo pieza de librería de Apolo, 1794, nº 125).

Dressed completely in black, with a widow's headdress and simple jewelry, Marie de Medici is portrayed as the Queen Mother, after having governed France as a Reagent from 1610 to 1617.

As one of Rubens' most outstanding patrons, the queen commissioned him to decorate her Luxemburg Palace in Paris with a series of works that glorified her figure and that of her husband, Henri IV. Rubens began the present work with that end in mind, but it was left unfinished, as can be seen in the sketchy background.

This painting is paired with the portrait of Anne of Austria (P01689) and belonged belonged to the artist until his death, and was later acquired by Felipe IV.

 
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