Inventory number
P02313
Author
Poussin, Nicholas (French)
Title
Parnassus
Chronology
1630-1631
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
145 cm x 197 cm
School
Francesa
Theme
Mitología
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (colección Carlo Mattei, Roma; ¿vendida en Banqueting House, Londres, 02/06/1684?; col. Jean Neytet de la Ravoye, 1701, nº 8; col. duque de Gramont; ¿col. Jacques Meijers, Rotterdam, 1714?; col. Felipe V, Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, 1727; col. Felipe V, La Granja, pieza de la chimenea junto al tocador, 1746, nº 95; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, pieza de música, 1794, nº 95; Aranjuez, Consejo de Estado, 1818, nº 95).

Parnassus, the mythological mountain of Apollo and the Muses is the scene for a celebration of the Arts, especially Poetry. Apollo offers the nectar of the gods to a poet, probably Homer, who is crowned with a laurel wreath by Calliope, the muse of epic poetry. The putti in the foreground offer the poets the water of inspiration that flows from the spring of Castalia, personified by the nude woman. This work is based on a fresco by Raphael at the Vatican and may pay homage to the Italian poet, Giovanni Battista Marino (1569-1625), who was Poussin's patron.

A preparatory drawing for this work is in the G. Wildenstein collection. There is also an engraving of it, made by Jean Dughet before 1667.

 
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