Inventory number
P00644
Author
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Title
Queen Mariana of Austria
Chronology
ca.1670
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimensions
211 cm x 125 cm
School
Spanish
Theme
Portrait
On display
No
Provenance
Royal Collection (Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Hospice)

Wearing a widow's headdress, the second wife of Felipe IV, who had died in 1665, is seated at a writing desk on which paper, a pen and an inkwell are visible. The paintings and mirrors in the background indicate that she is in the Hall of Mirrors at Madrid's former Alcázar Palace.

This portrait alludes to the queen's status as widow and reagent of the monarchy, charged with the affairs of state. The curtain and certain other elements follow the tradition of baroque court portraits, but the seated position is contrary to traditional portraiture models in which the woman is shown standing and holding a handkerchief or fan. Carreño thus achieves an image of the queen as less friendly but more efficient. The painting was made around the same time that he was appointed Royal Painter.

This work comes from El Escorial and entered the Museum in 1845.

 
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