Inventory number
P01793
Author
Teniers, David (Flemish)
Title
Smokers in a tavern
Chronology
1631-1640
Technique
Óleo
Support
Tabla
Dimensions
52 cm x 65 cm
School
Flamenca
Theme
Género y sociedad
On display
No
Provenance
Royal Collection

A group of villagers sit or stand indoors, smoking around a barrel that serves as their table. In the background, another warms himself beside the fireplace, and a figure enters the room. In the foreground are cooking or tavern utensils, such as a jug, a cauldron and a barrel, which display Tenier's skill at still-life and genre scenes. Outstanding here, is the naturalness of the dog. Huddled up, he contemplates the scene's protagonists.

As a representation of everyday life, this work illustrates the expansion of tobacco in Europe. Criticized and praised in equal measure, it was consumed on a customary basis at that time. Teniers takes no moral position reguarding its use, as there is no openly critical element here, although the grotesqueness of the characters is significant as a possible illustration of vice.

Beginning with figures by his teacher, Adriaen Brouwer, Teniers repeated figures and groups in his many versions of taverns and smokers. The present one is first listed in 1794, at Madrid's Royal Palace.

 
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