Inventory number
P00960
Author
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
Title
The Holy Family with a Little Bird
Chronology
Ca. 1650
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimensions
144 cm x 188 cm
School
Spanish
Theme
Religion
On display
No
Provenance
Colección Real (colección Miguel Espinosa, Sevilla; coleción del cardenal Gaspar de Molina y Oviedo; adquisición de Isabel Farnesio, 1744; colección Isabel Farnesio, Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, dormitorio de sus majestades, 1746, nº 667; Palacio de Buenavista, Madrid, 1766, nº 667; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, cuarto del infante don Javier, 1772, nº 667; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, pieza de vestir [2ª], 1794, nº 667).

A domestic scene filled with tenderness showing the Virgin Mary winding a skein of thread and watching the Christ Child, who leans on Saint Joseph while he plays with a little bird and a dog. The almost leading role of the saint corresponds to the increased worship of his figure during the Counterreformation.

The apparently insignificant composition of this painting exalts home life, the family and work. The latter is symbolized by Saint Joseph's carpenter's bench and the Virgin's sewing basket.

The strong chiaroscuro lighting of this composition reflects the influence of Italian painters, especially Barocci (Urbino, 1535-1612).

This work is listed in various private collections before it became a part of Queen Isabel de Farnesio's collection in 1746. It was taken to Paris by José I, were it was part of the Napoleonic Museum between 1810 and 1817. It entered the Prado Museum in 1819.

 
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