Inventory number
P07070
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Spanish)
Title
The Marchioness of Santa Cruz
Chronology
1805
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
124,7 cm x 207,7 cm
School
Española
Theme
Retrato
On display
Yes
Provenance
En la colección de los marqueses de Santa Cruz, de quienes pasó a su hijo, el conde de Pie de la Concha. Colección Félix Fernández Valdés, Bilbao 1941-1983. En 1983, adquirido a los herederos y exportado ilegalmente. En 1985, intento de venta en subasta por su propietario, lord Winborne (Christie's, Londres). 1986, juicio favorable al Estado español, por el que se interrumpe la subasta y se compensa a su propietario, con una amplia colaboración social. Ingresa en el Museo del Prado en abril de 1986.

Joaquina Téllez-Girón y Pimentel (1784-1851) was the daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Osuna and Marchioness of Santa Cruz by her marriage to José Gabriel de Silva y Walstein in 1801. A friend of poets and literati, she was one of the most admired women of her time. Goya presents her wearing white crêpe and reposing on a canapé upholstered in red velvet. She is crowned with grape leaves and clusters. This headdress and the lire-shaped guitar identify her as Erato, the muse of Love Poetry —a clear reference to her love of poetry and music.

This canvas is in excellent condition and, unlike most, still has its original shine, revealing the stunning perfection of its tonal relations as well as a rich, confident pictorial technique.

It is signed and dated on the lower left corner.

 
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