Inventory number
P02311
Author
Poussin, Nicolas
Title
The Triumph of David
Chronology
Ca. 1630
Technique
Oil
Support
canvas
Dimensions
100 cm x 130 cm
School
French
Theme
Religion
On display
Yes
Provenance
Royal Collection (Collection of Girolamo Casanate, ca. 1646; acquisition of Louis Milon, Bishop of Condom, 1700; Jacques Meijers Collection, Rotterdam, 1714?; Collection of Felipe V, Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, 1727; Collection of Felipe V, La Granja Palace, “pieza de tocador”, 1746, n. 177; La Granja Palace, “última pieza de su majestad”, 1774, n. 177; Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Madrid, “pieza de música”, 1794, n. 177; Aranjuez Palace, “Consejo de Estado”, 1818, n. 177)

In an architectural setting, a winged Victory crowns David with a laurel wreath. The latter holds his sword with one hand and looks directly at Goliath's decapitated head, which rests on some pieces of armor. Three putti complete the group. One of them plays an instrument while another hands Victory the royal crown destined for David.

This image alludes to a passage from the Old Testament (Samuel 17, 12-58) that tells how David, the young Hebrew shepherd and future king of Judea, took on Goliath, the giant, in order to save his people.

This canvas is considered one of Poussin's masterpieces. Titian's influence is clear here, both in the overall painterly technique and in the formal models of the putti. One of Poussin's most personal characteristics is also visible here: the combination of a mythological theme —the Victory and putti— with a biblical one: the central theme of King David.

This painting entered the Royal Collection by way of the heirs to the painter, Maratta. In 1746, it was listed in the inventories of the Palace of la Granja de San Ildefonso, passing from there to the Palace at Aranjuez.

 
Ministerio de Cultura. Gobierno de España; abre en ventana nueva
España es cultura Spain is culture
Portal de la transparencia. Gobierno de España
Copyright © 2015 Museo Nacional del Prado.
Calle Ruiz de Alarcón 23
Madrid 28014
Tel. +34 91 330 2800.
Todos los derechos reservados