Inventory number
E00044
Author
Roman workshop
Title
Venus of Madrid
Chronology
Ca. 150
Technique
Sculpted
Marble
Dimensions
184 cm x 68 cm x 51 cm
School
Ancient Art
Theme
Mythology
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (Col. Cristina de Suecia; Col. Livio Odescalchi; San Ildefonso, Palacio Real, Col. Felipe V).

This sculpture is a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original dating from the second-first century B.C. Stripped of the baroque additions that distorted it, it is part of a large cycle of Venuses linked by similar postures.

The beginning of this type of sculpture would seem to lie in a work by Lysipus or his school known through a Roman copy: the Venus of Capua. In it, the goddess, with a nude torso, looks at her reflection in Ares' shield, which she holds in both hands. Adaptations from the Second Century B.C. include the rather fleshier Venus of Milo, and the prototype from which the present work is derived, with a clothed torso. Similar figures, with diverse variations, continued to be made for Roman female portraits. These bore wings, as images of Victories, allowing them to be used on triumphal monuments.

 
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