Goya’s influence on 19th-century Spanish painting can be seen in various works by Eugenio Lucas and Leonardo Alenza such as Condemned by the Inquisition and The Spanking.
Outstanding among historical works are various compositions such as The Death of Viriatus, King of the Lusitani by José de Madrazo, Queen Isabel la Católica dictating her last Will and Testament by Eduardo Rosales, and Juana la Loca before the Tomb of her Husband by Francisco Pradilla.
The 19th-century portrait collection is extremely extensive and includes some outstanding works. Among the most important are Vicente López’s The Painter Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, Federico de Madrazo’s The Countess of Vilches, and Esquivel’s The Contemporary Poets. A Reading of Zorilla at the Painter's Studio.
The most important group within the landscape section comprises more than 80 works by Carlos de Haes. Also well represented is Pérez Villaamil with his Romantic landscapes.
The Museum has some extremely fine paintings by Fortuny including Fantasy on Faust and Nude on the Beach at Portici. Also worth noting are the works by Sorolla in the collection. These allow for a study of his stylistic development, from the dark tonality of And They Still Say Fish are Expensive! to the better known Luminist style of Boys on the Beach.