The Saint Ildefonso Group is one of the best examples of Neo-Attic eclecticism produced in the first decades of the Roman Empire. Another exceptional piece is The Apotheosis of Claudius, which stands on a Baroque pedestal.
The collection of Roman portraits is extremely extensive. On display are three representative works of the three main iconographic models used to represent the emperor: Augustus wearing a toga, symbolising the emperor’s religious and civil power; Figure in a Cuirass, presented as the leader of the armies; and Augustus or Tiberius in heroic Nude, depicted as a divinity after death.
A sizeable group of male and female busts, including Augustus, Antoninus Pius, Clodius Albinus and The Empress Sabina indicate the interest in capturing the sitter’s personality evident in Roman art of this period.
Large-scale sculptures of the type characteristic of cult images are also to be found in the collection, including Jupiter and Neptune, as well as various mythological reliefs, among them the impressive Bacchic Altar, a Neo-Attic work of the late Hellenic period, and the Sarcophagus with the Sarcophagus with the Story of Achilles and Polyxena.