Inventory number
E00028
Author
Pasiteles (School of)
Title
Orestes and Pylades or The San Ildefonso Group
Chronology
Ca. 10 B.C.
Technique
Sculpted
White marble from Carrara
Dimensions
161 cm x 106 cm x 56 cm - 496 kg
School
Ancient Art
Theme
Mythology
On display
No
Provenance
Colección Real (Colección Ludovisi; Colección Camillo Massimo; Colección Cristina de Suecia; Colección Livio Odescalchi; Colección Felipe V, Palacio de la Granja de San Ildefonso).

The San Ildefonso Group was discovered in Rome in 1623 and arrived at the palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso one hundred years later.

This work shows Orestes and Pylades, legendary models of friendship, offering a sacrifice after having returned to Tauris with the image of Artemis (the statuette on the right). This act purified Orestes, freeing him from his divine punishment. Other authors identified these statues as the brothers Castor and Pollux.

In modern times, the Roman portrait of Antinuous was added to the left torso. A creation of Augustan classicism, this group of sculptures is a superb reflection of that period’s eclecticism.

The earliest reference to this group dates from 1623 at the Villa Ludovisi in Rome, where it belonged to Cardinal Massimi. Following the Cardinal’s death, the piece became a part of the collections of Christine of Sweden. It then entered the collection of the first Bourbon king of Spain, Felipe V (1683-1746).

 

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