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Didactic Exhibition: The Prado in Palencia

Cathedral Park. Zamora. Castilla y León 11/18/2019 - 12/15/2019

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The exhibition The Prado in Palencia offers what might be termed a “virtual” journey through the outstanding collections of painting housed in the Museo Nacional del Prado, taking shape in the form of a photographic exhibition of some of the Museum’s greatest masterpieces. With this aim in mind, 50 works have been selected from the most important in the collection, displayed life-size, for which reason some of them are represented by large and impressive details.

The exhibition aims to open a door for all residents and visitors, not just onto learning about and discovering the great artistic treasures housed in the Prado but through them the history of Spain, Europe and Western art in general, given that the Museo del Prado and its collections present a wide-ranging panorama of European painting from the early 12th century to the start of the 20th century

Curator:
Fernando Pérez, Head of Didactic Contents of Museo del Prado.

 

Co-organized by:

Exhibition

Spanish Painting

Spanish Painting
Exhibition view

Spanish painting is inevitably the best represented area in the Prado’s collection, with almost 5,000 works created between the 12th century (the mural paintings from Maderuelo and the church of San Baudelio) and the early 20th century, with works by Aureliano de Beruete and Sorolla.

This part of the collection derives from the Spanish royal collection, initiated by Charles V and Philip II, although their predecessors, particularly Queen Isabel the Catholic, were also interested in acquiring works of art.

With notable examples from the medieval period that illustrate the different trends within the Gothic style, the collection also includes important works that reveal the emergence and dissemination of the Renaissance style in Spain, including paintings by Berruguete, Machuca and Correa de Vivar. A particularly notable presence is El Greco, with more than 30 paintings in the collection.

The finest and most extensive holdings are those from the 17th century, known as the Spanish Golden Age, with works by the leading artists of the day including Ribera, Zurbarán, Murillo, Alonso Cano, Claudio Coello and Carreño de Miranda. The most important of all is Diego Velázquez, with nearly 50 works on display in the Museum.

The great figure in the transition from the 18th to the 19th centuries is Francisco de Goya, represented in the Prado by more than 140 paintings as well as extensive holdings of prints and drawings, which together provide an idea of the originality and genius of this unique artist.

Finally, the collection of 19th-century Spanish painting reflects the different movements that successively emerged at this period, from the Neo-classicism of José de Madrazo and Vicente López to Joaquín Sorolla’s beach scenes and depictions of contemporary life, encompassing the Romanticism of Federico de Madrazo, landscapes by Carlos de Haes and Beruete, and history painting by Eduardo Rosales, Francisco Pradilla and Antonio Gisbert.  

Italian Painting

Italian Painting
Exhibition view

The Italian school is the second most important within the Prado’s collection in terms of number of works and quality, placing it at approximately the same level as the Flemish School.

Most of the Italian paintings came from the royal collection and were either purchased outside Spain, commissioned directly by Spanish monarchs from artists in Italy, or painted at the Spanish court by Italian artists. That core group has subsequently increased through further purchases and donations.

The 14th and 15th centuries (the Trecento and Quattrocento) are the least extensively represented in the Museum, as the Castilian and Aragonese monarchs and the Catholic Kings were more interested in Flemish painting with its markedly devotional emphasis, while also maintaining important political and commercial ties with that region. Nonetheless, the Prado has outstanding works from this period by Fra Angelico, Botticelli, Antonello da Messina and Mantegna.

Among artists working in the 16th century (Cinquecento) the Prado has notable examples by Raphael, Andrea del Sarto, Correggio and Parmigianino. The best represented school, however, is undoubtedly the Venetian, with paintings by artists such as Tintoretto, Veronese, and above all Titian, who executed a large number of works for Charles V and his son Philip II. The presence of Titian in the royal collections influenced the entire subsequent course of Spanish painting.

Italian Baroque painting includes important examples of the three preeminent trends of that time: the tenebrist naturalism of the early 17th century, with Caravaggio and his followers; the classicism of the Bolognese school, with works by Annibale Carracci and Guido Reni among others; and the decorative late Baroque represented by Luca Giordano and Giambattista Tiepolo, who specialized in mural painting and spent part of their careers in Spain. 

Flemish Painting

Flemish Painting
Exhibition view

Flemish painting from the 15th to the 17th century occupies a very important place within the Museo del Prado’s collection, being the second school in terms of number of works (more than 1,150) and the third with regard to the number on display, most of them from the royal collection.

The marriage of Princess Juana de Castilla, daughter of the Catholic Kings, to Philip the Fair, son of the Emperor Maximilian of Austria and Mary of Burgundy, meant that their eldest son, Charles of Ghent, became Charles I of Spain in 1517 and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1519. At this point the Low Countries were annexed to the Spanish crown and the Spanish monarchs revealed enormous interest in the painting being produced in this region, acquiring works by the principal 15th-century artists such as Rogier van der Weyden, Robert Campin and Hans Memling.

Thanks to the particular interest of Philip II, who acquired a large number of works by Jheronimus Bosch, the Prado has the most important collection of paintings by that artist in the world. Other leading 16th-century Flemish artists in the collection include Joachim Patinir, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Gerard David and the portraitist Anthonis Mor, who worked directly for Philip II and his court.

In 1581 the United Provinces (modern-day Holland) broke away from Spain while the Southern Netherlands continued under Spanish rule. The latter region was home to Peter Paul Rubens, the greatest Flemish artist active in the first half of the 17th century, who visited Spain on two occasions and produced numerous works for the Spanish court. The Prado houses around 90 paintings by Rubens, as well as works by his followers Van Dyck and Jordaens. Other important Flemish artists from this period are Jan “Velvet” Breughel and David Teniers, both well represented in the Museum. 

Other Schools

Other Schools
Exhibition view

With more than 300 works, French painting is the fourth best represented national school in the Prado. During the reign of Philip IV the leading representatives of French 17th-century classicism, Nicolas Poussin and Claude Lorrain, were directly commissioned to decorate the Buen Retiro palace in Madrid, sending their works to Spain although never actually present there themselves.

In the early 18th century the installation of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain saw the arrival of French painters and of works sent from the French court, accompanied by a greater interest in that school in general.

The German school is not extensively represented in the Prado despite the close links between Spain and the Empire during the Habsburg period. Particularly outstanding are the works by Albrecht Dürer, the leading German artist of the 16th century. In the 18th century the Bohemian artist Anton Raphael Mengs was summoned to Spain by Charles III where he became the preeminent figure in the Spanish art world, exercising a notable influence on his contemporaries.

Dutch painting of the 17th century is represented in the Prado by just over 100 works. The political conflict between Holland and Spain, which culminated in 1648 with the recognition of the former country’s independence, explains why few Dutch paintings reached Spain in the 17th century. Most of those in the Prado came from the royal collection and were acquired in the 18th century. The most important of them is undoubtedly Rembrandt’s Judith (formerly entitled Artemisia).

For historical reasons, British painting is the least well represented school in the Museum. Political clashes between Spain and England and the lack of matrimonial alliances between the nobility of the two countries explains this scant presence. Nonetheless, the Prado has some fine examples of late 18th- and early 19th-century portraiture, as well as works by prominent Victorian painters such as Lawrence Alma Tadema. 

Artworks

Hare Hunting. Hermitage of San Baudelio (photographic reproduction)
1

Hare Hunting. Hermitage of San Baudelio (photographic reproduction)

Anonymous

Fresco painting on mural transferred to canvas, 183 x 355 cm.

Ca. 1125

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Saint Dominic of Silos enthroned as a Bishop
2

Saint Dominic of Silos enthroned as a Bishop

Bartolomé Bermejo

Oil on panel

1474 - 1479

Saint Catherine (photographic reproduction)
3

Saint Catherine (photographic reproduction)

Yáñez de la Almedina, Fernando

Oil on panel, 212 x 112 cm.

Ca. 1510.

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Holy Trinity (photographic reproduction)
4

The Holy Trinity (photographic reproduction)

El Greco

Oil on canvas, 300 x 179 cm.

1577 - 1579

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Holy Trinity (photographic reproduction)
5

The Holy Trinity (photographic reproduction)

El Greco

Oil on canvas, 300 x 179 cm.

1577 - 1579

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Adoration of the Shepherds (photographic reproduction)
6

The Adoration of the Shepherds (photographic reproduction)

El Greco

Oil on canvas, 319 x 180 cm.

1612 - 1614

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Still Life with Game, Vegetables and Fruit
7

Still Life with Game, Vegetables and Fruit

Sánchez Cotán, Juan

Oil on canvas, 68 x 88.2 cm.

1602

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Agnus Dei (photographic reproduction)
8

Agnus Dei (photographic reproduction)

Zurbarán, Francisco de

Oil on canvas, 37.3 x 62 cm.

1635 - 1640

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Jacob’s Dream (photographic reproduction)
9

Jacob’s Dream (photographic reproduction)

Ribera, José de

Oil on canvas, 179 x 233 cm.

1639

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Feast of Bacchus
10

The Feast of Bacchus

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Oil on canvas, 165 x 225 cm.

1628 - 1629

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

View of the Gardens of the Villa Medici, Rome
11

View of the Gardens of the Villa Medici, Rome

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Oil on canvas, 48,5 x 43 cm.

Hacia 1630

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

View of the Gardens at the Villa Medici, Rome, with the statue of Ariadne (photographic reproduction)
12

View of the Gardens at the Villa Medici, Rome, with the statue of Ariadne (photographic reproduction)

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Óleo sobre lienzo, 44 x 38 cm.

Hacia 1630

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Surrender of Breda
13

The Surrender of Breda

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Oil on canvas, 307 x 367 cm.

Hacia 1635

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Las meninas (photographic reproduction)
14

Las meninas (photographic reproduction)

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Oil on canvas, 318 x 276 cm.

1656

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Immaculate Conception of Los Venerables (photographic reproduction)
15

The Immaculate Conception of Los Venerables (photographic reproduction)

Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

Oil on canvas, 274 x 190 cm.

Ca. 1678

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Parasol (photographic reproduction)
16

The Parasol (photographic reproduction)

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Oil on canvas, 104 x 152 cm.

1777

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Naked Maja (photographic reproduction)
17

The Naked Maja (photographic reproduction)

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Oil on canvas, 98 x 191 cm.

Before 1800

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Family of Carlos IV (photographic reproduction)
18

The Family of Carlos IV (photographic reproduction)

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Oil on canvas, 280 x 336 cm.

1800

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The 3rd of May 1808 in Madrid or “The Executions” (photographic reproduction)
19

The 3rd of May 1808 in Madrid or “The Executions” (photographic reproduction)

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Oil on canvas, 268 x 347 cm.

1814

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Saturn (photographic reproduction)
20

Saturn (photographic reproduction)

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas, 143,5 x 81,4 cm.

1820 - 1823

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Amalia de Llano y Dotres, Countess of Vilches (photographic reproduction)
21

Amalia de Llano y Dotres, Countess of Vilches (photographic reproduction)

Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de

Oil on canvas, 126 x 89 cm.

1853

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Queen Isabella the Catholic dictating her Will (photographic reproduction)
22

Queen Isabella the Catholic dictating her Will (photographic reproduction)

Rosales Gallinas, Eduardo

Oil on canvas, 287 x 398 cm.

1864

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Painter's Children in the Japanese Room (photographic reproduction)
23

The Painter's Children in the Japanese Room (photographic reproduction)

Fortuny y Marsal, Mariano

Oil on canvas, 44 x 93 cm.

1874

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Boys on the Beach (photographic reproduction)
24

Boys on the Beach (photographic reproduction)

Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín

Oil on canvas, 118 x 185 cm.

1909

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Annunciation (photographic reproduction)
25

The Annunciation (photographic reproduction)

Angelico, Fra

Tempera on panel, 194 x 194 cm.

1425 - 1428

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Death of the Virgin (photographic reproduction)
26

Death of the Virgin (photographic reproduction)

Mantegna, Andrea

Mixed method on panel, 54,5 x 42 cm.

Ca. 1462

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The dead Christ supported by an Angel (photographic reproduction)
27

The dead Christ supported by an Angel (photographic reproduction)

Messina, Antonello de

Mixed method on panel, 74 x 51 cm.

1475 - 1476

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Scenes from The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (photographic reproduction)
28

Scenes from The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (photographic reproduction)

Botticelli, Sandro

Mixed method on panel, 84 x 142 cm.

1483

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Cardinal  (photographic reproduction)
29

The Cardinal (photographic reproduction)

Rafael

Oil on panel, 79 x 61 cm.

1510 - 1511

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Noli me tangere (photographic reproduction)
30

Noli me tangere (photographic reproduction)

Correggio

Oil on panel transferred to canvas, 130 x 103 cm.

Ca. 1525

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Andrians (photographic reproduction)
31

The Andrians (photographic reproduction)

Tiziano, Vecellio di Gregorio

Oil on canvas, 175 x 193 cm.

1523 - 1526

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Emperor Charles V at Mühlberg (photographic reproduction)
32

The Emperor Charles V at Mühlberg (photographic reproduction)

Tiziano, Vecellio di Gregorio

Oil on canvas, 335 x 283 cm.

1548

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Washing of the Feet (photographic reproduction)
33

The Washing of the Feet (photographic reproduction)

Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti

Oil on canvas, 210 x 533 cm.

1548 - 1549

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Venus and Adonis (photographic reproduction)
34

Venus and Adonis (photographic reproduction)

Veronés, Paolo

Oil on canvas, 162 x 191 cm.

Hacia 1580

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

David with the head of Goliath (photographic reproduction)
35

David with the head of Goliath (photographic reproduction)

Caravaggio. Michelangelo Merisi

Oil on canvas, 110,4 x 91,3 cm.

Ca. 1600

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Finding of Moses (photographic reproduction)
36

The Finding of Moses (photographic reproduction)

Gentileschi, Orazio Lomi de

Oil on canvas, 242 x 281 cm.

1633

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Immaculate Conception (photographic reproduction)
37

The Immaculate Conception (photographic reproduction)

Tiepolo, Giambattista

Oil on canvas, 281 x 155 cm.

1767 - 1769

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Saint John the Baptist and the Franciscan Heinrich von Werl (photographic reproduction)
38

Saint John the Baptist and the Franciscan Heinrich von Werl (photographic reproduction)

Campin, Robert

Oil on oak panel, 101 x 47 cm.

1438

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Saint Barbara (photographic reproduction)
39

Saint Barbara (photographic reproduction)

Campin, Robert

Oil on oak panel, 101 x 47 cm.

1438

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Descent from the Cross (photographic reproduction)
40

The Descent from the Cross (photographic reproduction)

Weyden, Rogier van der

Oil on panel, 204,5 x 261,5 cm.

Before 1443

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Garden of Earthly Delights Triptych (photographic reproduction)
41

The Garden of Earthly Delights Triptych (photographic reproduction)

El Bosco

Oil on oak panel

1500 - 1505

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Charon crossing the Styx (photographic reproduction)
42

Charon crossing the Styx (photographic reproduction)

Patinir, Joachim

Oil on panel, 64 x 103 cm.

1520 - 1524

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Mary Tudor, Queen of England, Second Wife of Philip II (photographic reproduction)
43

Mary Tudor, Queen of England, Second Wife of Philip II (photographic reproduction)

Moro, Antonio

Oil on panel, 109 x 84 cm.

1554

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Triumph of Death (photographic reproduction)
44

The Triumph of Death (photographic reproduction)

Bruegel el Viejo, Pieter

Oil on panel, 117 x 162 cm.

1562 - 1563

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Adoration of the Magi (photographic reproduction)
45

The Adoration of the Magi (photographic reproduction)

Rubens, Pedro Pablo

Oil on canvas, 355,5 x 493 cm.

1609

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Three Graces (photographic reproduction)
46

The Three Graces (photographic reproduction)

Rubens, Pedro Pablo

Oil on panel, 220,5 x 182 cm.

1630 - 1635

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Endymion Porter y Anton van Dyck (photographic reproduction)
47

Endymion Porter y Anton van Dyck (photographic reproduction)

Dyck, Antonio van

Oil on canvas, 119 x 144 cm.

Hacia 1635

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Painter's Family (photographic reproduction)
48

The Painter's Family (photographic reproduction)

Jordaens, Jacob

Oil on canvas, 181 x 187 cm.

1621 - 1622

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in his Picture Gallery at Brussels (photographic reproduction)
49

The Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in his Picture Gallery at Brussels (photographic reproduction)

Teniers, David

Oil on copperplate, 104,8 x 130,4 cm.

1647 - 1651

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Parnassus (photographic reproduction)
50

Parnassus (photographic reproduction)

Poussin, Nicolas

Oil on canvas, 145 x 197 cm.

1630 - 1631

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Self-Portrait (photographic reproduction)
51

Self-Portrait (photographic reproduction)

Durero, Alberto

Oil on panel, 52 x 41 cm.

1498

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Judith at the Banquet of Holofernes (previously known as Artemisia)  (photographic reproduction)
52

Judith at the Banquet of Holofernes (previously known as Artemisia) (photographic reproduction)

Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn

Oil on canvas, 143 x 154,7 cm.

1634

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

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