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Goya and more

5/5/2011 - 8/28/2011

This exhibition presents a selection of works on paper – drawings, prints and photographs – acquired by the Museo del Prado between 1997 and 2010. It offers visitors the first opportunity to admire the most important works acquired over this period and which are normally stored in the Department of Prints and Drawings due to their fragile nature. In addition, the exhibition sets out the Museum’s principal strategies with regard to the acquisition of works on paper.

The Museum’s Department of Prints and Drawings, located in the new Jerónimos Building designed by Rafael Moneo, houses the collection of drawings, prints and old photographs that has been built up since the time of the Museum’s founding. Together with the original works from the royal collection, a number of additional groups were added such as those from the Museo de la Trinidad and the Museo de Arte Moderno. Together they constituted the core of this area of the Prado’s collection, which has been expanded over the years, particularly with the addition of the Pedro Fernández Durán Bequest in 1931. It has continued to grow over the years through significant acquisitions, particularly in the period from 1997 to 2010.

In contrast to other artistic media, the material characteristics of works on paper mean that special conservation conditions are required for storing them, preventing their long-term public display. They are therefore normally kept in the Department of Prints and Drawings, where they can be studied and are made available to outside researchers. These works are only temporarily placed on display for exhibitions such as the present one.

Entitled Goya and More, the exhibition aims to emphasise the fact that while Goya’s work has always been the focus of one of the Museum’s principal acquisition strategies and perhaps the one that attracts the most media attention due to the undoubted value of his creations, a very large number of works of equal artistic importance by other artists have also entered the collection. Using this theme as its guiding thread, the exhibition is organised into various sections corresponding to the principal acquisition policies established by the Museum. It also present the main lines of research and the exhibitions to be organised by the Department of Prints and Drawings over the next few years.

Curator:
José Manuel Matilla. Head of Department of Prints and Drawings

Access

Room D. Jerónimos Building

Opening time

Tuesday to Sunday from 9am to 8pm (last access at 7.30pm)

Multimedia

Exhibition

Spanish Drawings

Spanish Drawings
Female Nude
Alonso Cano
Pen and dark ink on paper
163 x 158 mm
c. 1645 - 1650
Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 1997

Spanish drawings form the backbone of the Museo del Prado’s collection of drawings. The first to arrive following the establishment of the Royal Museum (as it was then called) came from the workshop of the court painters. A few also originate from the Museo de la Trinidad, and, more recently, from purchases and bequests such as those of Fernández Durán (1931) and Villaescusa (1971). Another important milestone for the Prado’s collection of drawings was the accession of the holdings of the Museo de Arte Moderno in 1971.

One of the Museum’s chief aims has been to purchase Spanish drawings of unquestionable artistic quality or historical interest in order to enhance the existing collection. The works on show trace developments in how drawing was regarded from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries: as an instrument of the creative process; a vehicle for thought and artistic ideas; a means of observing and analysing nature; an exercise in learning; and, of course, as a work of art in its own right.

Goya

Goya
Letter to Joaquín María Ferrer of 20 December 1825
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Ink on paper
253 x 196 mm
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado. Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 2009

Designed to be viewed in privacy, Goya’s drawings are his most critical and incisive works. The Prado has nearly all the preparatory drawings for his prints and an outstanding set from his different albums. The quality of these holdings reflects strict selection criteria and careful study of the works by Goya that come onto the market. The Museum recently acquired exceptional drawings from the so-called Sanlúcar, Black-border and Bordeaux albums.

Together with the drawings, Goya’s letters to his friend Martín Zapater occupy a very prominent place in the Prado collections. They provide an insight into the artist’s tastes, interests and concerns, as well as new biographical information.

As for Goya’s activity as an engraver, the Prado has made a major effort to complete the first editions of all his series and to acquire significant state proofs.

The Madrazo Collection

The Madrazo Collection
The Death of Viriato, Chief of the Lusitanians
José de Madrazo y Agudo
Pen and watercolour, dark ink and white lead
420 x 564 mm
c. 1807
Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 2006

The collection of drawings and prints that belonged to the Madrazo family was acquired by the Prado in 2006, along with their library and photograph collection. This dynasty of painters—prominent members of the Spanish art scene of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—assembled more than four thousand works. Particularly noteworthy are those linked to José de Madrazo, the patriarch of the family, and to his sons Federico, Luis and Juan de Madrazo y Kuntz. Although fewer in number, the Museum also owns important works that belonged to his grandsons Raimundo and Ricardo Madrazo y Garreta, and to his grandson-in-law Mariano Fortuny y Marsal.

The collection can be divided into two main groups. The first consists of works assembled by members of the Madrazo family as models for study, or simply for the joy of collecting, and includes over two hundred drawings from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, mostly Italian, from José’s collection.

Preparatory drawings for paintings executed by the various members of the family make up the second group, along with little known prints that complete their oeuvre.

 

The Cervelló Collection

The Cervelló Collection
General Perspective of the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial
Pedro Perret
Burin
492 x 775 m
1587
Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 2003

José María Cervelló (1947–2008), lawyer, bibliophile and art historian, assembled a large collection of prints and an outstanding library of antique books. In 2003 the Prado acquired this collection, which has considerably enriched its holdings of graphic art. The collection, consisting of nearly six hundred prints, fifty-four copperplates and five drawings—among them an exceptional preparatory sketch for Giovanni Volpato’s engraving of the view of the north wall of the Farnese Gallery—reflects the taste of a booklover with a thorough knowledge of illustrated books and the history of antique engravings.

Another forty exceptionally valuable prints entered the Museum’s holdings after Cervello’s death, as they had remained in his home in beneficial ownership. This group of works illustrates his taste particularly well. Noteworthy among them are the Perspective of the Monastery of El Escorial by Pedro Perret and several prints of G. B. Piranese’s Vedute di Roma.

Sketchbooks and Albums of Drawings

Sketchbooks and Albums of Drawings
Italian Sketchbook
Mariano Salvador Maella
Pencil and red ink
180 x 240 mm [open]
1758 – 1765 and 1765 - 1790
Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 2005

In the 1990s the Prado acquired José del Castillo’s three Italian sketchbooks and Goya’s outstanding Italian sketchbook. They were followed in 2005 by that of Mariano Salvador Maella, and altogether are a valuable aid to understanding the learning process young Spanish painters underwent in Italy during the eighteenth century.

Developments in the use of sketchbooks in the nineteenth century as means of recording observations from life—whether during an artist’s travels or more simply around his place of residence—can be traced by the extraordinary set of forty-one sketchbooks of Martín Rico.

Another type of acquisition is albums which, unlike sketchbooks, are comprised of drawings of different nature and origin glued to their pages. Such is the case of the albums of Valentín Carderera, which contain drawings from his stay in Italy, and the album of Cecilio Pizarro featuring numerous preparatory sketches for drawn and engraved illustrations.

Photograph Albums

Photograph Albums
Album of Photographs Showing Details of Pictures in the Museo del Prado
Tomas Harris
315 x 850 mm [open]
1939
Donated to the Museo Nacional del Prado by Enriqueta Harris, José Antonio Buces and Paloma Renard in 2003

Photograph albums are particularly interesting: apart from the documentary or art historical value of each work individually, as a compilation they provide an insight into the tastes of the period through the selection criteria used and the manner in which they were collected. The earliest albums in the Prado were used to document the Museum’s works of art.

The eleven albums of Laurent y Cía, samples of the photographs sold by this firm, are an outstanding source of information on the masterpieces of the Spanish collections and the paintings and sculptures that enjoyed success at the National Exhibitions.

Also on display are an album of photographic prints, compiled for their undisputable aesthetic value, of sculptures of the Columbus Monument in Barcelona, and an album put together by the multifaceted Tomás Harris containing photographs of works in the Prado, which in a way reflect his thoughts on painting.

The Prado Museum in Photographs

The Prado Museum in Photographs
Main Façade of the Museo del Prado Taken from the South
Charles Clifford
Albumin
305 x 425 mm
c. 1860
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Photographs taken by foreign photographers such as Charles Clifford and Louis de Clercq, stereoscopic views and postcards help shed light on the changes the Prado and its setting have undergone. Since it opened to the public in 1819, the arrangement and display of its collections have been governed by successive curatorial and museum layout criteria. Photography bears witness to these changes, and became an essential means of disseminating its works, contributing to its international fame.

The effects of natural disasters and the ravages of war are also immortalised in photographs. A collection of albumen prints by Jean Laurent showing the devastating effects of the cyclone of 1886 on the Casón building and Virgilio Muro’s glass negatives of the empty Museum galleries at the end of the Civil War are visual records of this “other” history of the Prado.

Photography and Artists

Photography and Artists
Negative of the Museo del Prado at the End of the Civil War
Virgilio Muro
89 x 119 x 1 mm
1939
Acquired by the Museo Nacional del Prado in 2010

Among the works on paper acquired by the Museum from the Madrazo family in 2006 was an outstanding collection of photographs. Many were calotypes taken by the circle of painter-photographers of the Caffè Greco in Rome, assembled by Luis de Madrazo during his stay at the Academy in Rome from 1848 to 1852. Photography, then considered a faithful interpreter of reality, replaced prints as a means of recording the monuments of Antiquity studied by young artists on travel grants to the city. The painter Bernardino Montañés was also in Rome during those years and collected photographs, some of which have been acquired by the Prado.

Artists used these images as models for their own works—whether anonymous nudes or official portraits of monarchs. The collection of the Madrazo family also includes personal portraits and photographs of their studios.

Artworks

2

Female Nude

Alonso Cano
Dark ink and pen, 163 x 158 mm
c. 1645- 1650
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 1997

4

Boy with a Pinwheel and Old Man Pulling a Cart with a Corpse

José de Ribera
Pen, watercolour, dark ink and pencil, 235 x 170 mm
c. 1640
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2009

7

Study for the Decoration of the Cupola of San Antonio de los Portugueses

Francisco Rizi
Pencil. Dark ink, pen and greyish watercolour , 457 x 290 mm
c. 1662
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2002. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

8

Mary Stuart on her Way to the Gallows

Matías de Torres
Dark ink, pen, greyish watercolour, 260 x 293 mm
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 1999. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

9

Adoration of the Ark of the Covenant

Sebastián de Herrera Barnuevo
Pen and watercolour, dark ink, 425 x 240 mm
c. 1660
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 1999. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

11

Capriche with Flowers in an Interior (recto) / Garden with Fountain and Bunch of Roses Hanging from the Branch of a Tree (verso)

Luis Paret y Alcázar
Watercolour with greyish ink, 259 x 180 mm
c. 1795
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2002. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

12

View of the Royal Palace of Aranjuez from the East

Isidro González Velázquez
Brush, coloured watercolour, 375 x 600 mm
1791
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2006. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

14

Saint Julian

Antonio González Velázquez
Dark ink, pen and greyish watercolour, 222 x 181 mm
1773
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2007

17

Cicero’s Daughter Tullia Reads one of her Literary Compositions to her Father

Antonio Solá
Pen and watercolour, dark ink, 128 x 180 mm
1803 - 1861
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2008. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

23

Portrait of Miguel de Muzquiz, Count of Gausa

Fernando Selma
Burin
1786
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2010

24

Letter to Martín Zapater. Madrid, 31-V-1788

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
207 x 306 mm
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2000. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

25

Young Woman Standing Tearing out her Hair (recto) / Young Woman Sweeping (verso)

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Brush, Indian ink, watercolour, 172 x 101 mm
1794 - 1795
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2007. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

26

Nicely Stretched

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Watercolour, 319 x 221 mm
1797 - 1799
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2009. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

27

Letter to Martín Zapater, 12 December 1797

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
300 x 420 mm
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2004. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

28

Strict is not always Good

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Indian Ink watercolour, 264 x 178 mm
c. 1816 - 1820
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2007. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

30

Letter to Joaquín María Ferrer of 20 December 1825

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Dark ink and pen, 253 x 196 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2009

32

The Butterfly Bull

Francisco de Goya y Lucientes
Litographical pencil, 194 x 150 mm
1824 - 1828
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2006. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

33

Job Endures his Friends Insults

Attributed to the Maestro D of the Sketchers from El Escorial
Pen and watercolour, dark ink. Stencil, 330 x 226 mm
c. 1587 - 1589
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

34

Furius Camillus Expelling Gauls from Rome

Attributed to >Aureliano Milani>
Pen and watercolour, dark ink, 440 x 560 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

35

Study for Dead Christ

Anton Rafael Mengs
Black pencil and chalk, 370 x 495 mm
1768
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

37

The Dispute between Greeks and Troyans over the Body of Patroclus

José de Madrazo y Agudo
Pencil. Dark ink, pen and coloured watercolour, 420 x 950 mm
c. 1812
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

38

The Death of Viriatus. Chief of the Lusitanians

José de Madrazo y Agudo
Pencil. Pen and watercolour, dark ink and white lead, 420 x 564 mm
c. 1807
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

40

Eros Scolded by Aphrodite

José de Madrazo y Agudo
Pencil. Indian ink, pen and dark ink watercolour, 322 x 235 mm
c. 1812
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

41

Eros Scolded by Aphrodite

José de Madrazo y Agudo
Watercolour, 174 x 123 mm
c. 1813
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

43

Godfrey of Buillon Proclaimed King of Jerusalem

Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz
Indian ink and pen, 243 x 201 mm
c. 1837 - 1838
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

44

Don Pelayo after the Defeat at Guadalete

Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz
Charcoal, white chalk and Indian ink on pen, 319 x 246 mm
c. 1842
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

45

Study of a Female Head and Three Studies for the Right Hand of Saint Cecilia

Luis de Madrazo y Kuntz
Charcoal and chalk, 150 x 236 mm
1851
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

46

Figure Studies for “The Burial of Saint Cecilia”

Luis de Madrazo y Kuntz
Charcoal and chalk, 194 x 274 mm
1851
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

48

Architectural Design for the Monastery of Los Jerónimos and its Vecinities

Juan de Madrazo
Pencil, 513 x 409 mm
c. 1865 - 1869
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

52

View of the North Wall of the Farnese Gallery

Francesco Pannini and Ludovico Tesio
Black ink, pen and greyish watercolour, 460 x 847 mm
c. 1777
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2003. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

53

View of the North Wall of the Farnese Gallery

Francesco Pannini and Ludovico Tesio
Black ink, pen and greyish watercolour, 460 x 847 mm
c. 1777
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2003. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

54

53 Sketchbook

Spanish Anonymous last third XVIth Century
Pencil, charcoal, sepia ink, 300 x 440 mm [open]
c. 1588 - 1605
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 1999. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

55

Italian Sketchbook

Mariano Salvador Maella
Pencil, 180 x 240 mm [open]
1758 – 1765 and 1765 - 1790
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2005

56

Drawings of Old Master Paintings, Frescoes and Tapestries of Rome and Naples

Valentín Carderera y Solano
Pencil, pen, watercolour, 300 x 500 mm [open]
c. 1823 - 1833
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2005. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

57

Views of Rome, its Gardens and Villas

Valentín Carderera y Solano
Pencil, pen and watercolour, 418 x 625 mm [open]
c. 1823 - 1830
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2005. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

58

Album of Drawings

Cecilio Pizarro
Pencil, pen, watercolour, 222 x 645 mm [open]
c. 1840 - 1854
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2004. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

59

Sketchbook

Carlos de Haes
Pencil, 149 x 463 mm [open]
1856 - 1860
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2005. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

60

Sketchbook

Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench
Pencil, 110 x 320 mm [open]
c. 1871 - 1881
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

61

Sketchbook

Ignacio Pinazo Camarlench
128 x 383 mm [open]
c. 1889 - 1891
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

62

Sketchbook I: Banks of the Marne and Granada

Martín Rico y Ortega
110/128 x 320/383
c. 1864 – 1867 and 1871
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2007. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

63

Sketchbook 9: Toledo

Martín Rico y Ortega
110/128 x 320/383
1875
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2007. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

64

Sketchbook 22: Venice

Martín Rico y Ortega
110/128 x 320/383
c. 1891 - 1900
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2007. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

65

Album of Photographs of the Monument of Columbus in Barcelona

Antoni Esplugas Puig
Albumin, 700 x 238 [open]
1887 - 1888
Donation by Antonio Correa, 2007

66

The Surrender of Breda or Las Lanzas

J. Laurent y Cia.
Albumin, 430 x 630 [open]
c. 1879
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2004. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

67

The Fallen Angel

J. Laurent y Cia.
Albumin, 630 x 420 [open]
1878
Acquired by the Ministry of Culture in 2004. Assigned to the Museo del Prado

68

Album of Photographs Showing Details of Pictures in the Museo del Prado

Tomas Harris
Paper, 315 x 850 mm [open]
1939
Donation by Enriqueta Harris, José Antonio Buces, Paloma Renard to the Museo del Prado in 2003

70

Main Façade of the Museo del Prado Taken from the North

Louis de Clercq
Albumin, 210 x 282 mm
1862 - 1863
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2007

71

Detail of the Vaults of the Casón del Buen Retiro after the Cyclone that took place on 12 May 1886

J. Laurent
Albumin, 254 x 337 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

72

View of the Western Façade of the Casón del Buen Retiro after the Cyclone that took place on 12 May 1886

J. Laurent
Albumin, 254 x 336 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

73

View of the Sculpture Gallery

Mariano Moreno
Albumin, 203 x 255 mm
c. 1893 - 1901
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2009

74

Stereoscopic View of Madrid, with the Museo del Prado, from the Observatory in Madrid

J. Andrieu
Albumin, 73 x 79 mm
c. 1865
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2005

75

Stereoscopic View of the Interior of the Sculpture Gallery of the Museo del Prado

J. Andrieu
Albumin, 80 x 151 mm
c. 1865
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2007

76

Stereoscopic View of the Main Façade of the Museo del Prado

B.W. Kilburn
Albumin, 75 x 77 mm
1903
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2007

77

Stereoscopic View of the Main Gallery of the Museo del Prado with Copyists in front of the Immaculate by Murillo

Underwood & Underwood
Paper, 78 x 153 mm
c. 1900
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2004

78

Rubens, Act of Devotion by Rudolf I of Habsburg

H. Gautier
Albumin, 59 x 84 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2005

79

Rubens, Mercury and Argos

H. Gautier
Albumin, 58 x 85 mm
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2005

80

Six Postcards with Views of the Interior and Exterior of the Museum

Hauser and Menet, J. Thomas and Dr. Trenkler Co.
90 x 140 mm [each one]
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

81

Two Postcards with Paintings by Velázquez

Hauser y Menet
140 x 90 mm [each one]
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

82

Four Albums with Postcards of Reproductions of Paintings of the Museo del Prado

Hauser and Menet
88 x 150 mm [each one]
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2008

83

Two Cristal Negatives from the Civil War

Virgilio Muro
89 x 119 x 1 mm [each one]
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2010

84

Trajan’s Forum

Fréderich Flacheron>
Paper, 335 x 251 mm
1851
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2009

85

View of the Baths of Diocletian

Círculo de pintores fotógrafos del Caffè Greco
Paper, 320 x 404 mm
c. 1850
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

86

Temple of Vesta and Fountain of the Piazza Bocca della Veritá

Círculo de pintores fotógrafos del Caffè Greco
Paper, 329 x 422 mm
c. 1850
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

89

View of the &quot;Ponte Rotto&quot;, in Rome

Giacomo Caneva
Paper, 180 x 243 mm
c. 1850
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

92

Portrait of Groups of Artists

Giacomo Caneva
Paper, 194 x 250 mm
c. 1848 - 1852
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

93

Three Portraits of Federico de Madrazo

J. Laurent
c. 1863
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

94

Sculpture of a Female Nude and Daguerreotype on the Wall

Giacomo Caneva
Paper, 194 x 144 mm
c. 1850
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

95

Reclining Nude Woman and Boy

Círculo de pintores fotógrafos del Caffè Greco
Paper,  213 x 277 mm
c. 1850
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

96

Male Nude

Giacomo Caneva
Paper, 222 x 104 mm
c. 1845
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2006

97

Sleeping Monk

Giacomo Caneva
Paper, 149 x 205 mm
1848 - 1852
Acquired by the Museo del Prado in 2009

102

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