- Reference number
- Carreño de Miranda, Juan (Spanish)
- Carlos II
- 201 cm x 141 cm
- On display
- Colección Real (Real Alcázar, Madrid, 1734; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, tercera pieza de la Furriera, 1747, nº 330; Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, cuarto de las infantas, 1772, nº 330; Buen Retiro, 1794, nº 758).
The son of Felipe IV (1605-1665) and Mariana of Austria (1634-1696), Carlos II (1661-1700) was the last King of the Hapsburg Dynasty in Spain. He appears dressed in black, with the chain of the Golden Fleece around his neck. This order from Burgundy, to which he belonged, was first brought to Spain by Felipe el Hermoso (1578-1506).
The scene is set at the Hall of Mirrors at Madrid's former Alcázar Palace and shows consoles held by bronze lions now at Madrid's Royal Palace and in the Prado Museum.
There are many paintings similar to the present one, including one dated 1673, in the Berlin Museum, and two others at the Prado Museum. The first, which would have been the prototype for all the rest, is almost certainly the one in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts of Asturias in Oviedo. It is dated 1671.
The present work is listed at Madrid's Alcázar Palace in 1734, and at the Buen Retiro Palace in 1794.