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Alabert, Santiago
Act. 1799 - Act. 1799
Alabert, Santiago
Act. 1799 - Act. 1799

A series of Valencian flower paintings signed and dated by Santiago Alabert suggest that he was one of the many flower painters working in Valencia in the late 18th and early 19th century when the development of the silk industry was driving that genre. His works are characterized by a grace and lightness produced by delicate brushstrokes bearing very little paint. Two of his flower paintings ente

Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Sevilla (Spain), 1599 - Madrid (Spain), 1660
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Sevilla (Spain), 1599 - Madrid (Spain), 1660

Born in Seville, Velázquez adopted his mothers surname, as was common in Andalusia, signing “Diego Velázquez” or “Diego de Silva Velázquez". He studied painting and worked professionally in his native city until he was twenty-four, then moved with his family to Madrid. There, he entered the king’s service, remaining until his death in 1660. Much of his work was painted for the royal collection and

Teniers the Younger, David
Antwerp, 1610 - Brussels, 1690
Teniers the Younger, David
Antwerp, 1610 - Brussels, 1690

He was born into a family of artists and his father, David Teniers "the Elder", was his first master; indeed, he is referred to by scholars as "David Teniers II". He joined the Guild of St Luke in 1633 and began to sign and date his paintings that same year. During the early stage of his career his genre paintings were inspired by Brouwer and his landscapes display the influence of Momper and Bril

Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
Valencia (Spain), 27.2.1863 - Cercedilla, Madrid (Spain), 10.8.1923
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
Valencia (Spain), 27.2.1863 - Cercedilla, Madrid (Spain), 10.8.1923

Following early training with sculptor Cayetano Capuz, he began studies at the Academy of San Carlos in Valencia in 1878. There, his teachers, Gonzalo Salvá (1845-1923) and Ignacio Pinazo, introduced him to "plein air" painting. In the early 1880s, he traveled to Madrid and studied the works of Velázquez and Ribera at the Museo del Prado. In 1884, he participated in the National Exhibition of Fine

Solimena, Francesco
Canale di Serino, Campania (Italy), 1657 - Barra, Naples (Italy), 1747
Solimena, Francesco
Canale di Serino, Campania (Italy), 1657 - Barra, Naples (Italy), 1747

Solimena was a painter and architect who had begun his studies in the humanities, but his career was subsequently shaped by the profession of his father, the painter Angelo Solimena. He started working as his father’s assistant; however, the most important influence on his early training were the paintings of Luca Giordano (with whom he was friends), Pietro da Cortona, Lanfranco, and Mattia Preti,

Rosales Gallinas, Eduardo
Madrid, 4.11.1836 - Madrid, 13.9.1873
Rosales Gallinas, Eduardo
Madrid, 4.11.1836 - Madrid, 13.9.1873

Eduardo Rosales Gallinas is one of the leading figures in 19th-century Spanish art. His renown was more solid and deserved than that of any other artist of his generation, and was largely the result of a life marked by pain, loneliness and illness. Most of all, however, he was admired as a talented, original and independent painter who renewed the genre of history painting and thus significantly c

Ribera y Fernández, Juan Antonio
Madrid, 27.5.1779 - Madrid (Spain), 15.6.1860
Ribera y Fernández, Juan Antonio
Madrid, 27.5.1779 - Madrid (Spain), 15.6.1860

Ribera surpasses José de Madrazo and José Aparicio (1770-1838) of Alicante as the finest and most skilled of Spain's neoclassical painters, but he was overshadowed by his colleagues' greater projection and his humble personal character slowed his artistic career. A disciple of Francisco Bayeu (1734-1795) and religious image-maker, José Piquer—the father of the sculptor of the same name—Ribera won

Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de
Rome (Italy), 9.2.1815 - Madrid (Spain), 10.6.1894
Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de
Rome (Italy), 9.2.1815 - Madrid (Spain), 10.6.1894

The son of influential neoclassical painter José de Madrazo, Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz was born in Rome, where his father was employed by Charles IV during that monarch’s exile. Federico was baptized at Saint Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican with Frederic of Saxony as his godfather. In 1819, the family moved to Madrid, where his father became chamber painter to Ferdinand VII. Federico studied at

Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de
Rome (Italy), 24.7.1841 - Versailles (France), 15.9.1920
Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de
Rome (Italy), 24.7.1841 - Versailles (France), 15.9.1920

After preliminary studies with his grandfather and father, portrait painters José and Federico de Madrazo, Raimundo attended the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, where his fellow students included Martín Rico, Rosales and Palmaroli, among others. He soon left for Paris, which became his primary residence from then on. There his work received the early but decisive influence of French ac

Madrazo y Agudo, José de
Santander (Spain), 22.4.1781 - Madrid (Spain), 8.5.1859
Madrazo y Agudo, José de
Santander (Spain), 22.4.1781 - Madrid (Spain), 8.5.1859

As the founder of a line of outstanding 19th-century Spanish artists, José de Madrazo y Agudo is one of the great names in Spanish neoclassicism. His work, his preeminent position in Spanish society and his deep influence on many generations of painters trained at the Academy of San Fernando make him a fundamental figure of this period.After preliminary studies in Madrid with Gregorio Ferro (1742-

López Portaña, Vicente
Valencia, 19.9.1772 - Madrid, 22.7.1850
López Portaña, Vicente
Valencia, 19.9.1772 - Madrid, 22.7.1850

After studying at the Academy of San Carlos in Valencia, he rapidly developed a successful career, thanks to his extraordinary artistic gift for drawing and color. After winning that academy’s general competition in 1789, he was awarded a stipend that allowed him to spend three years in Madrid.There, he continued his studies, taking first prize at the Academy of San Fernando in 1790 with his paint

Haes, Carlos de
Brussels (Belgium), 27.1.1826 - Madrid (Spain), 17.6.1898
Haes, Carlos de
Brussels (Belgium), 27.1.1826 - Madrid (Spain), 17.6.1898

Born in Belgium, Carlos de Haes moved to Malaga with his family when he was nine years old. There he began studying art with Luis de la Cruz (1776-1850), a known painter of portraits and miniatures from the Canary Islands. On a trip back to Brussels in 1850, he became a disciple of Joseph Quinaux (1822-1895) and discovered landscape painting from the schools of Namur, Tervueren and Termonde. That

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
Candia, Crete (Greece), 1541 - Toledo (Spain), 1614
El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
Candia, Crete (Greece), 1541 - Toledo (Spain), 1614

This Spanish painter of Greek origin was born in the capital city of the Isle of Crete, which then belonged to the Republic of Venice. His family was Greek, but probably Catholic rather than Orthodox, and its members collaborated with the colonial powers. He was trained as an Icon painter in the late-Byzantine tradition, but contact with Italian engravings allowed him to absorb and partially emplo

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 30.3.1746 - Bordeaux (France), 16.4.1828
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 30.3.1746 - Bordeaux (France), 16.4.1828

Goya was born unexpectedly in his mother’s birthplace, Fuendetodos. His parents, Braulio José Goya, a gilder; and Gracia Lucientes, from a family of wealthy farmers, actually lived in Zaragoza, where they had married in 1736. Francisco was the fourth of six siblings: Rita (1737), Tomás (1739), who was also a gilder and is sometimes mentioned as a painter; Jacinta (1743), Mariano (1750), who died i

Fortuny, Mariano
Reus, Tarragona, 11.6.1838 - Rome, 21.11.1874
Fortuny, Mariano
Reus, Tarragona, 11.6.1838 - Rome, 21.11.1874

Mariano Fortuny y Marsal has passed into posterity as one of 19th-century Spain’s greatest masters. The stature of his art is accompanied by the memory of an enormous international success equaled only by Sorolla in his time. Famous in Second-Empire Paris, his work was one of the most coveted of its time by major European and American collectors. Fortuny and his colleague from Madrid, Rosales, bot

Esteve, Agustín
Valencia (Spain), 1753 - Valencia (Spain), 1820
Esteve, Agustín
Valencia (Spain), 1753 - Valencia (Spain), 1820

The son of María Marqués and the altarpiece painter Agustín Esteve Torralba, he descends from a family of artists dating back to the 15th century. His training began under the guidance of his father and continued with his admission into Valencia’s Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos in 1768. In 1770, he enrolled at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. His training was mainly

Both, Jan
Utrecht, 1618/1622 - Utrecht, 1652
Both, Jan
Utrecht, 1618/1622 - Utrecht, 1652

According to Von Sandrart, he trained in Gerard van Honthorst’s workshop between 1634 and 1637. Burke (1976) suggests that he may have later started out as an Italianate landscape painter in the workshop of Charles Cornelisz. de Hooch (1600/1606–1638). The first documented record is that of his 1638 admission to the Academy of Saint Luke in Rome, where he must have arrived around 1635, if not earl

Beruete, Aureliano de
Madrid (Spain), 27.9.1845 - Madrid (Spain), 5.1.1912
Beruete, Aureliano de
Madrid (Spain), 27.9.1845 - Madrid (Spain), 5.1.1912

Born to an upper-class family in Madrid, he studied law, completing his Doctorate in Civil Law in 1867. He combined those studies with an interest in the Fine Arts, beginning painting classes at the School of Fine Arts with Carlos de Haes in 1874 and visiting the Museo del Prado as a copyist. During the revolutionary period he was a member of parliament, but he abandoned his political activities a

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