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The Victory of Truth over Heresy
Rubens, Peter Paul
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Rubens, Peter Paul

Siegen, Westphalia (Germany), 1577 - Antwerp (Belgium), 1640

Miniatura autor See author's file

The Victory of Truth over Heresy

Ca. 1625. Oil on panel

In 1625, Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia commissioned Rubens to design a series of twenty tapestries for the Monastery of the Descalzas Reales in Madrid. The subject was the Eucharist, a leading Catholic dogma that the infanta defended in her role as sovereign princess of the southern Netherlands. Rubens conceived the scenes like victory marches, as if the cloths were hanging from baroque architecture. This rather contrived effect provoked doubts about what was real and what was created by the artist. The six panels at the Museo del Prado (P1695-P1700) are part of the process necessary for creating tapestries. They are models painted by Rubens as the basis for much larger cartoons that weavers follow when making tapestries. During the 18th century, four of these paintings had pieces added to all four sides, and two had additions to the top and bottom. These have been removed to recover the works’ original compositions.


Technical data

Inventory number
Rubens, Peter Paul
The Victory of Truth over Heresy
Ca. 1625
Height: 64.5 cm.; Width: 90.5 cm.
El triunfo de la Eucaristía

Bibliography +

Puyvelde, Leo van, Catalogue de L'Exposition Esquisses de Rubens, Edititons de la Connaissance, Bruselas, 1937, pp. 81.

Corpus rubenianum Ludwig Burchard: an illustrated catalogue, Vol. II, Arcade Press, Bruselas, 1968.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Museo del Prado: catálogo de pinturas. Escuela flamenca, Museo del Prado; Patrimonio Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 291-292.

Scribner, Ch, The Triumph of the Eucharist Tapestries Designed by Peter Pa..., Princeton University, Princeton, 1977, pp. 103-109.

Held, Julius S., The oil sketches of Peter Paul Rubens : a critical catalogue..., The National Gallery of Art, Princeton, 1980, pp. 151-152.

Jaffe, Michael, Rubens: catálogo completo, Rizzoli, Milán, 1989, pp. 292.

Vosters, Simon A., Rubens y España: estudio artístico-literario sobre la estética del Barroco, Cátedra, Madrid, 1990, pp. 85-108.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado: catálogo razonado, Prensa Ibérica, Barcelona, 1996, pp. 1008.

El arte en la corte de los archiduques Alberto de Austria e Isabel Clara Eugenia (1598-1633): un reino imaginado, Catálogo de la exposición celebrada en Madrid, Salas de exposiciónes del Palacio Real, Sociedad Estatal para la Conmemoración de los Centenarios de Felipe II y Carlos V, Madrid, 1999, pp. 108-118.

Vergara, Alejandro, The Presence of Rubens in Spain. (Volumes i and II). Tesis D, A Bell & Howell Company, Ann Arbor, 1999, pp. 28-31.

Heinen, Ulrich, Das antike und das christliche opfer zu Elsheimer contento und Rubens´sieg der Eucharistie über das heinische opfer, Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch, LXXII, 2011, pp. 258-270 [251-280].

Vanderboerk, Paul, The Solomonic column and the double spiral, Jaarboek Koninklijk Museum voor Schonen Kunsten Antwerpen, 2013 2014, pp. 91-151 [123 f.27].

Vergara, A. Woollett, A., Rubens. El triunfo de la Eucaristía, Museo Nacional del Prado J. Paul Getty Museum., Madrid, 2014.

Pérez Preciado, José Juan, 'Reyes Gobernadores, Nobles, Funcionarios y Artistas. La incesante llegada de obas de arte a España desde los Paises Bajos en el s.XVII', Aragón y Flandes. Un encuentro artístico (siglos XV-XVII), Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 2015, pp. 132-142 [141].

Vergara, Alejandro, 'P.P. Rubens.Serie de la Eucaristia' En:, Rubens, pintor de bocetos, Museo Nacional del Prado,, Madrid, 2018, pp. 142-153 n.38.

Exhibitions +

Rubens. Painter of Sketches
10.04.2018 - 05.08.2018

Rubens, pintor de bocetos
09.04.2018 - 05.08.2018

Rubens and the Triumph of the Eucharist
Houston TX
15.02.2015 - 10.05.2015

Rubens and the Triumph of the Eucharist
Los Ángeles CA
14.10.2014 - 11.01.2015

Rubens. El Triunfo de la Eucaristía
25.03.2014 - 29.06.2014

Location +

Room 078 (On Display)

Update date: 19-01-2019 | Registry created on 17-01-2018

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