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Teniers the Younger, David

Antwerp, 1610 - Brussels, 1690

He was born into a family of artists and his father, David Teniers "the Elder", was his first master; indeed, he is referred to by scholars as "David Teniers II". He joined the Guild of St Luke in 1633 and began to sign and date his paintings that same year. During the early stage of his career his genre paintings were inspired by Brouwer and his landscapes display the influence of Momper and Bril. However Teniers' artistic career was marked by two decisive events: his marriage to one of Jan Brueghel's daughters, who was also Rubens' goddaughter, in 1637; and his entering the service of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in 1647. Teniers also enjoyed excellent relations with a host of patrons and painting collectors, who commissioned numerous works from him, a fair number of which were sent to Spain. He first worked in Antwerp and subsequently established himself in Brussels, where he purchased a magnificent house next to the government palace, converting it into a spacious residence-cum-studio. His marrying into the Brueghel family led him to pay greater attention to folk themes. Rural scenes of farms and interiors were already part of his repertory but he now began to paint "kermesses", popular celebrations, heightened his palette and produced works that were more joyful and abundant in landscapes. This change influenced his maturing process and in 1644 he was elected dean of the Guild of Antwerp. The arrival of the archduke in Flanders and Teniers' appointment to his service as court painter and curator secured him a rise in status. After his great protector left and his first wife died, both in 1656, he remained in Brussels, remarried and his fame continued. His classical works -landscapes, rural and folk scenes and interiors- were still greatly sought after. In 1664 he succeeded in founding the Academy of Antwerp after Philip IV of Spain granted his request as court painter. Teniers lived to a very old age for the period, as he was 80 when he died. He was celebrated in his lifetime in Cornelis de Bie's book on artists published in 1661 and subsequently held in high esteem by 18th- and 19th-century critics and writers. There are many studies on his life and oeuvre (Luna, J. J.: From Titian to Goya. Great Masters of the Museo del Prado, National Art Museum of China-Shanghai Museum, 2007, p. 395).

Artworks (68)

Fumadores
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Teniers, David (Copy after)
Paisaje con un ermitaño
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Teniers, David
Peasants conversing
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Teniers, David
Francesco Donato, Doge of Venice
Oil on panel, XVII century
Teniers, David
La casa rústica
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Teniers, David
Operación quirúrgica
Oil on panel, XVII century
Teniers, David
La Flagelación de Cristo
Oil on copperplate, XVII century
Teniers, David
Fumadores
Oil on copperplate, XVII century
Teniers, David
Interior de una cocina
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Teniers, David (Copy after)

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