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Landscape
Attributed to Brueghel the Elder, Jan (Jan 'Velvet' Brueghel)
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Attributed to Brueghel the Elder, Jan (Jan 'Velvet' Brueghel)

Brussels (Belgium), 1568 - Antwerp (Belgium), 1625

See author's file

Landscape

Ca. 1604. Oil on copperplate.
Room 083

In this work, the painter depicts a landscape with compositional and stylistic characteristics that recall two small panels, The Sacrifice of Abraham (Musée d’Art et d’Histoire in Geneva) and Forest (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Gemäldegalerie in Vienna), painted by Jan Brueghel the Elder around 1604–1610. It is possible that he painted this work in the summer of 1604 during his stay at the court of Rudolf II, the Mad Alchemist, Holy Roman Emperor, in Prague, where Roelant Savery was able to have a look at it and employ it as a model for his Forest with Fruit Seller (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Gemäldegalerie in Vienna). The vertical size and spatial structuring of three parallel chromatic planes (brown, green and blue) are typical of 16th-century paintings. However, Brueghel softens the transition between them, thus providing the whole painting a greater spatial unity. As the Italian painter and treatise writer Giovanni Paolo Lomazzo recommended, the trees in the foreground have been raised to the edge of the canvas in order to assign an adequate proportion to the figures next to them. This is an outstanding example of the Nordic Stimmungswald – that is, of the real, albeit idealised forest – painted to move the viewer. Thus, it is the painter himself, or the viewer, who, before entering or leaving the forest, can contemplate the view of the melancholic valley that unfolds before their eyes, framed by the undergrowth and the tree branches that lengthen to occupy more than half of the pictorial surface, where the inhabitants of a small, fortified village come and go in their daily lives.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, El paisaje nórdico en el Prado. Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2011, p.40-41, 156, n. 5

Multimedia

Technical data

Inventory number
P001385
Author
Attributed to Brueghel the Elder, Jan (Jan 'Velvet' Brueghel)
Title
Landscape
Date
Ca. 1604
Technique
Oil
Support
Copperplate
Dimension
Height: 24 cm; Width: 19 cm
Provenance
Royal Collection (Palacio Real, Madrid, 1772 y 1794).

Bibliography +

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Museo del Prado: catálogo de pinturas. Escuela flamenca, Museo del Prado; Patrimonio Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 81.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 159-160.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1549.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado: catálogo razonado, Prensa Ibérica, Barcelona, 1995, pp. 196.

Ertz, Klaus, Jan Brueghel der Ältere (1568-1625) : kritischer katalog der..., I, Luca Verlag, 2008, pp. 214-215.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, El paisaje nórdico en el Prado. Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2011, pp. 40-41, 156, n. 5.

Maurer, G., Goya: lo bello y lo recóndito. En: La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 232.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 31 n.128.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Rubens, Brueghel, Lorrain. A Paisagem Nórdica do Museu do Prado, Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga - INCM - Museo Nacional del Prado, Lisboa, 2013, pp. 38,153 n.5.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1214.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 1385.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1549.
Bril / 1549. Pais con un puente. / En lontananza se divisa un pueblo. Hay en él algunas figuras. (Cobre.) / Alto 10 pulg, 4 lin; ancho 8 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1549.

Inscriptions +

549
Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

N.º 100. / Pais y caserio alole / jos / 100.
Scrap of paper. Back, Upper area

Exhibitions +

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Lisboa
03.12.2013 - 30.03.2014

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
Madrid
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Zaragoza
20.12.2012 - 24.02.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Valencia
25.09.2012 - 25.11.2012

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Santiago de Compostela
01.12.2011 - 18.03.2012

Location +

Room 083 (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 17-08-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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