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Large jade and silver gilt vessel with cover
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Large jade and silver gilt vessel with cover

XVII century. Silver gilt, Nephrite. Room 079B

Vessel with a tall foot formed by a silver gilt mount and a body consisting of a shallow oval bowl of greyish jade (nephrite), with a diminished arch profile. Running around the lip is a broad mount with a border of inclined egg motifs which raises the smaller cover, a second piece of jade crowned with a three-leafed silver gilt bud. It rests on a silver tripod structure with four S-shaped scrolls supported by an elevated base with mouldings of gadroons, ovals, gathered ribbons and foliage. Between the legs is a vegetable adornment with three salient leaves. The body is of nephrite, a type of jade that was used for several of the Chinese vessels owned by Louis XIV and his son. Visible on the edge of the cover is the discharge mark of Antoine Etienne Ridereau, assay master (fermier) from 1684 to 1687.

Comparisons with other pieces allow us to consider this vessel as the work of a Parisian workshop, since there are others with a similar design at the Musée du Louvre. The closest are MR 201 and MR 202. MR 240, a cup of about 1685, also has S-shaped legs. The leaf moulding on the foot is close to that found on vessel O66 in the Dauphin’s Treasure, marked by the fermier Ridereau and the silversmith Michel Debourg, who also intervened on another jade vessel at the Louvre, OA 6618. The handles on a pair of vessels in the Dauphin’s Treasure, O38 and O39, are similar in their technical execution to the mount on this piece, using methods like pointillé between mouldings. The vessels were made by a different artisan, the Parisian silversmith with the initials IR, possibly Jean Royel, which points to a considerable stylistic uniformity between the two men working for the Court. In summary, the vessel reviewed here is very closely related to all those cited above.

The cover of O-38 at the Prado has a similar bud as a finial. The frequent appearance of this motif on the vessels in the royal collections is appreciable in drawings by Nicolas Delaunay (1646-1727) showing piece of silverware that belonged to Louis XIV, such as a tureen for the royal table with dolphin handles and a pot-à-bouillon, both with bud finials. These drawings, which were sent to Sweden in 1699, also coincide in the presence of dolphins with piece O66, and with O64 in the similar base of the finial.

The Museo del Prado has the photograph by Juan Laurent y Minier, Untitled, c. 1879. Museo del Prado, HF0835/55 (L. Arbeteta, in press).

Technical data

Related artworks

Case for large jade and silver gilt vessel with cover
Leather, Wood, Metal, Cloth, 1690 - 1711
Large jade and silver gilt vessel with cover
Albumen on photographic paper, Ca. 1863
Inventory number
O000065
Author
Anonymous
Title
Large jade and silver gilt vessel with cover
Date
XVII century (Vessel); 1684 - 1687 (Adornment)
Technique
Chased; Carved
Medium
Silver gilt; Nephrite
Dimension
Height: 33 cm.; Width: 23 cm.; Base/bottom: 17.5 cm.; Weight: 2415 g.; Ancho base: 12.5 cm.; Bottom of the base: 16.5 cm.
Series
Tesoro del Delfín
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 109.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 257,258.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2018, 2018.

Other inventories +

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 6.

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 85.
Una Taza con su Tapa en forma ovalada, todo de Piedra Agata con dos guarniciones en la referida Tapa, la una de dos dedos de ancho, y la otra en que está el remate con quatro Ojas que abrazan una Mora; su pies, y en el quatro Cartelas con ocho Ojas que abrazan una Mora; su pie, y en el quatro Cartelas con ocho ojas en medio, que abrazan otra Mora, todo de color de oro, y incluso el remate tiene una tercia, y tres dedos, y medio de alto; con su Caja como la antecedente [de tafilete encarnado].

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 3.
Otro vaso grande aobado con su tapa que dixeron ser de piedra verdosa algo transparente; el pie y guarnizion de la tapa de plata dorada, compuesto el pie del asiento de el con quatro Cartelas, unas hojas, y dos generos de Alcachofas, y una de ellas iene como expezie de Racimo la tapa guarnezida igual, con remate, otro genero de Alcachofas con racimos, y hojas, todo cincelado, agallonado, con hojas y obalos; dicha plata pesó cincuenta y dos onzas, y dos ochavas y vale con su tapa 5.254.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 3.
Otro vaso grande aobado con tapa, que digeron ser de piedra verdosa algo transparente; el pie y guarnicion de la tapa de plata dorada, compuesto el pie del asiento de él con quatro cartelas, unas ojas y dos generos de alcachofas, y una de ellas tiene como especie de racimmo: la tapa guarnicion igual con remate, otro genero de alcachofa con racimos y ojas, todo cincelado, agallonado con ojas y ovalos: dicha plata pesó cincuenta y dos onzas y dos ochavas, y vale con su tapa ... 5.254</br>[Conforme]

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 3.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 3. Otro vaso grande aovado con su tapa que dijeron ser de piedra verdosa algo trasparente: el pie y guarnicion de la tapa de plata dorada, compuesto el pie del asiento de el con cuatro cartelas , unas hojas y dos generos de alcachofas, y una de ellas tiene como especie de racimo: la tapa guarnicion igual coon remate, otro genero de alcachofa con racimos y hojas todo cincelado agallonado con hojas y óvalo; dicha plata pesó cinquenta y dos onzas y dos ochavos.

Exhibitions +

Orientando la mirada. Arte asiático en las colecciones públicas madrileñas
Madrid
25.02.2009 - 24.05.2009

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 06-08-2020 | Registry created on 02-12-2015

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