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María Luisa de Toledo with her indigenous companion
Rodríguez Beltrán, Antonio
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Rodríguez Beltrán, Antonio

México, 1635

See author's file

María Luisa de Toledo with her indigenous companion

Ca. 1670. Oil on canvas. On display elsewhere

Lady María Luisa de Toledo y Carreto (1656-1707), portrayed on this canvas, was the only daughter of the Marquis of Mancera, Antonio Sebastián de Toledo, viceroy of New Spain between 1664 and 1673, spent her childhood and teenage years in Mexico. When girls made the transition from "meninas" to adult noblewomen, at 14 or 15 years old, they were already prepared for marriage. Some began to wear chopines, including this young woman, judging by the proportions of her body.

The painting, dated from 1670, lets us give an account of the overlapping and contrasting worlds in America under the viceregency - the Hispanic and the indigenous - with a female perspective, demonstrating relationships of power and conflict, but also emotional attachment and a symbolic weight that hint at the portrait’s origins and circumstances. The detailed description of the objects in their inventories lets us not only gain an idea of the nature of Lady María Luisa’s bountiful belongings, many of which came from Asia or America, but also of the family’s way of life, worries and preoccupations, allowing us to approach a better understanding of a long-lost Baroque world. We discover the indigenous universe, parallel and equidistant from its Hispanic counterpart, through the figure of the small woman, whose tattoos suggest she came from the Chichimeca area.

The painting forms part of the collections confiscated in 1835 from the Madrid convent of Nuestra Señora de la Salutación (Our Lady of Salutation), better known as the "Constantinopla Convent", wich Lady Maria Luisa joined in the early 1700s after finding herself, widowed and childless.

Gutiérrez Usillos, Andrés, La hija del virrey. El mundo femenino novohispano en el siglo XVII. https://sede.educacion.gob.es/publiventa/la-hija-del-virrey/america-historia-museos/21543C, Ministerio de Cultura, 2018

Technical data

Inventory number
P003608
Author
Rodríguez Beltrán, Antonio
Title
María Luisa de Toledo with her indigenous companion
Date
Ca. 1670
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 209 cm.; Width: 128 cm.
Provenance
Convent of Our Lady of Salutation, known as Constantinople Convent, Madrid; Museo de la Trinidad

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (II). Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado: catálogo razonado, II, Prensa Ibérica, Barcelona, 1995, pp. 1658.

Gutiérrez Usillos, Andrés, La hija del virrey. El mundo femenino novohispano en el siglo XVII, https://sede.educacion.gob.es/publiventa/la-hija-del-virrey/america-historia-museos/21543C, Ministerio de Cultura, 2018.

Gutiérrez Usillos, A., Un espléndido ajuar novohispano del s.XVII en España. Transcripción del documento de tasación de los bienes libres de D.Joseph de Silva, esposo de Dª María Luisa de Toledo, marqueses de Melgar de Fernamental, Anales del Museo de América, XXVI, 2018, pp. 146-238.

https://sede.educacion.gob.es/publiventa/la-hija-del-virrey/america-historia-museos/21543C.

Other inventories +

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 959.
-''959. / Retrato de señora, con traje blanco bordado, con la mano izq.da apoyada en la cabeza de una enana. Fig de tamº nat.l y cuerpo entº / Autor / Rectif.do alto 2,08 ancho 1,26 / Id.id.id. / Nº 5 / E.I.''

Inscriptions +

959
En etiqueta cuadrada a lapiz negro
Scrap of paper. Front, lower right corner

+
Inscribed with chalk. Front, left side

5 Escalera Interior
Scrap of paper. Front, lower left corner

939
En etiqueta oval impresa en rojo
Scrap of paper. Front, lower right corner

M.N.PRADO/ 03608
On metallic tablet. Stretcher

nº10
Inscribed with chalk. Stretcher

no2-
Inscribed with chalk. Front, upper right area

Nº3608
Scrap of paper. Stretcher

Retrato Señora
Inscribed with chalk. Back, central area

T. 6,59
Inscribed with chalk. Back, central area


Inscribed with chalk. Front, upper right area

LAOBRANOTIENETRANSCRIPCIONES

Exhibitions +

Tornaviaje. Arte Iberoamericano en España
Madrid
17.11.2020 - 28.03.2021

Location +

Madrid - Museo de América (Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Jewels

Gloves

Dress / Courtly o Clothing/Courtly

Textile, Domestic

Update date: 20-08-2021 | Registry created on 11-07-2019

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