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River Landscape with Riders and a Tower
Anonymous (Circle of: Both, Jan)
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Anonymous (Circle of: Both, Jan)

River Landscape with Riders and a Tower

XVII century. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

On entering the Museum this painting was inventoried as a product of the Sevillian school, though the 1876 catalogue lists it as a work executed in the style of Jan Both. Valdivieso (1973) considers it to be an eighteenth-century Italian work, while Barghahn (1986) identifies it as one of the landscapes in the Palace of the Buen Retiro inventory, though in fact neither the measurements nor the description match.

The current condition of the painting makes it difficult to asses the work properly and, consequently, to attribute it with certainty to a particular artist. Nevertheless, on the grounds of its iconography, it may be related to the Landscape with Tower Ruins (Vienna, Gemäldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste) painted by Jan Both in Rome, of which there is an exact replica in the Museo di Capodimonte (inv. 84577) and a signed variant in the Museum Boijmans van Beuningen, which Trenk believes was painted in Utrecht during the years following the painter`s return from Italy. Burke (1976) relates these two works to the landscapes executed by Both for the Palace of the Buen Retiro.

The work here is presumably a variation on the Boijmans van Beuningen painting. However, the exclusion of the background landscape that characterises Both`s views and the consequent lack of spatial depth suggest that it was made by a follower, perhaps Adam Pynacker (ca. 1620-1673), though Walter Liedtke has advanced the name of Johan de Lagoor (1618/27-1660) as possible author of the canvas (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, p. 297).

Technical data

Inventory number
Anonymous (Circle of: Both, Jan)
River Landscape with Riders and a Tower
XVII century
Height: 82 cm; Width: 102 cm
Royal Collection (Isabel Farnesio, 1746-1759: Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, pieza de la tribuna, 1766, ¿nº 102?; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, gabinete contiguo a los retretes, 1794, nº 10; Aranjuez, pieza de damas, 1818, nº 10).

Bibliography +

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 227.

Burke, James D., Jan Both: Paintings, Drawing and Prints, Nueva York, 1976, pp. 231.

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. VI. Palacio de Fernán Núñez. Consejo Superior de los Ferrocarriles Españoles (Ministerio de Transportes), Boletín del Museo del Prado, II (6), 1981, pp. 187.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 298 / lám. 1113.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº2830.

Aterido Fernández, Á.; Martínez Cuesta, J.; Pérez Preciado, J. J., Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio: inventarios reales, Fundacion de Apoyo de la Historia del Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2004, pp. 507, nº1340.

Trnek, Renate, Traum vom Süden. Die Niederländer malen Italien, Viena, 2008.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 32-33.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1766. Núm. ¿102?.
Pieza de la Tribuna [...] 102 / Ôtro [quadro] de dos pies y medio de alto, por tres de largo, marco dorado liso, representa un Pais con varios Caminantes, que van à Caza, y un carro vale trescientos rrs

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 10.
Pieza de Damas [...] {20849} 10 / Quatro quartas largo tres de ancho, rio varias figuras = Artois

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Aranjuez, 1794. Núm. 10.
Gavinete Contiguo a los retretes / {134} 10 / Quadro de 3 pies y medio de largo y tres de alto. Un Pais con un Castillejo redondo y un hombre en un Caballo blanco ... 1000

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1195a.
1195 a.-Pais bañado por un rio, con gente en primer / termino. / Col. de Doña Isabel Farnesio, Pal. de San Ildef. / Alto 0,81; ancho 1,01.-L. [Cat. 1876]

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2830.
2830. Otro idm con un Torreon. / Alto 2 pies, 11 pulg; ancho 3 pies, 8 pulg.

Inscriptions +

Fleur-de-lis, used as a collection’s mark belonging to Elisabeth Farnese. Front, lower right corner

Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

No 2067
Inscribed with chalk. Stretcher, upper crossbeam

No 2067
Inscribed with chalk. Stretcher, central crossbeam

Num.o 2830- / Un pais con rio y unos / caminantes - De Aranjuez / tiene marco
Inscribed in golden colour. Stretcher, central crossbeam

Inscribed with chalk. Back, Upper left area

Location +

Madrid - Cuartel General de la Armada (Deposit)

Update date: 26-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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