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Small agate and cornelian cup
Vangrol, Jean
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Vangrol, Jean

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Small agate and cornelian cup

XVII century. Agate, Alabaster, Cowry, Enamel, Gold.
Room 079B

Goblet formed by seven pieces of stone, some possibly repurposed, joined by gold adornments, four of which are plain and the remainder enamelled in white with black details. The spherical body is adorned with uneven leaves, enamelled in white, with designs of pointed leaves painted in black and pea beads. The bell-shaped base, with an adornment of black and white leaves, sits on an alabaster disc. The goblet had a lid that was already damaged by 1689, and which lost its pineapple-shaped crown in 1815. At some point in time, the lid and goblet became separated, and during the 20th century the lid was listed as a separate piece, catalogued by Angulo as O52. Some years ago, when it was established that this piece was in fact the lid of the goblet, both works were reunited and catalogue item No. O52 was withdrawn.

The base of the body is decorated with a leaf design and sits on a tall stem, comprising two convex mouldings and a carnelian baluster, all separated by concave mouldings of smooth gold. The enamelled decoration of this goblet belongs to the final phase of the ornamental style known as cosses de pois or "pea pod", in its simplest form of expression. The rounded shapes of the slightly raised leaves, in the style of those associated with Gédeón Légaré (1615-1679), are decorated with dark comma-like motifs, similar to those used by his brother, Gilles Légaré (1610-1685?) for floral motifs applied on an enamelled background in a light, plain colour. This fashion lasted from the 1620s to the 1690s and was widely used to embellish all manner of objects, including watch cases and the reverse of jewellery pieces.

The Rosenborg Castle collection in Denmark contains an agate goblet, inv. no. 5-230, with broad mountings of leaves in the "pea pod" style, made of gold, with enamelling in white and painted in black, blue, turquoise and green. The Louvre also boasts various vessels, from the royal collection, with adornments displaying characteristic decorative features: painted black markings on smooth painted enamel, predominantly white. Examples include the adornments on the cup MR 181; the lip, node and base of the amethyst jug MR 219; the base of the goblet MR 258, the finish of the lapis lazuli nodule of MR 272 and the Mirror of Marie de’ Medici, MR 252, as well as the Prado’s O13 and O14 goblets.

The state of the work in the 19th century can be seen through the photography of Juan Laurent Minier, "Vase agate cornaline et albâtre, montures d’or avec émail blanc et noir, XVIIe siècle, règne de Henri IV", ca. 1879, Museo del Prado, HF0835/18.

Technical data

Inventory number
Vangrol, Jean
Small agate and cornelian cup
XVII century (Body); 1640 - 1650 (Adornments)
Enamelled; Carved
Agate; Alabaster; Cowry; Enamel; Gold
Height: 12.5 cm; Diameter: 6 cm; Weight: 109 g; Diameter of the base: 4 cm
Tesoro del Delfín
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 33.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 344-345.

Arbeteta, Leticia, 'Tesoro del delfín. Una herencia de la familia real francesa' En:, Los tesoros ocultos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 2017, pp. 248-276.

Arbeteta Mira, L, Otras miradas sobre el Tesoro del Delfín: revisión y nuevas propuestas de procedencias y autorías, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXVII, 2019-2021, pp. 36-52 [45 f.4].

Azcue Brea, Leticia, Rarezas y lujo para deslumbrar: el Tesoro del Delfín., Ars & Renovatio.Centro de Estudios de Arte del Renacimiento, 7, 2019, pp. 504-519.

Tortajada, Sonia, Sobre la identificacion de materiales pétreos el Tesoro del Delfín, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXVII, 2019-2021, pp. 53-68 [62].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 42.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 42. Otro vasito hechura de copon con su tapa que está sentida; remate, base y pie de piedra Cornalina, guarnecido en la tapa, remate y pie de oro esmaltado de blanco y negro, regulado en seisochavos de oro poco mas o menos.

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 42.
Otro vasito hechura de copon con su tapa, que esta sentida; remate, vasa y pie de piedra Cornelina, guarnezido en la tapa, remate y pie de oro, esmaltado de blanco, y negro; regulado en seis ochavas de oro, poco mas o menos que junto con la piedra de dho vasito y su caja vale 2.225...30.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 42.
Otro vasito hechura de copon con su tapa, que está sentida, remate vasa y pie de piedra cornelina, guarnecido en la tapa remate y pie de oro esmaltado de blanco y negro, regulado en seis ochavas de oro poco mas ó menos, que junto con la piedra de dho vaso y su caja vale ... 2.225...30 [Conforme]

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 129.
Una Copita redonda con su pie, y Tapa (algo sentida) que remata en una Piña, todo de Piedra Agata con nuebe guarniciones de Color de oro esmaltado, que inclusa la Piña, tiene ocho dedos, y meº. de alto, y Caja de Felpa Verde.

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 115 A.
Numº. 115 / Prix contant Pistoles 25. / Une petite Coupe ronde de Cornaline couverte sur son pied á balustre de mesme qualité, garnie tout autour de cinq cercles d'or emaillé. Au haut du couvercle il y a une petite pomme de Pin qui termine ledit Vase haut de cinq pouces neuf lignes et de diametre au corps deux pouces deux lignes. La Couvercle est cassé. / Valeur 50.

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Update date: 30-04-2022 | Registry created on 26-11-2015

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