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Spain Insuring the Glory of the Philippines
Luna y Novicio, Juan
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Luna y Novicio, Juan

Badoc (Philippines), 1857 - Hong-Kong (China), 1899

See author's file

Spain Insuring the Glory of the Philippines

1888. Oil on canvas Not on display

The painting, which is now in the collection of Museo Nacional del Prado and on long-term loan to the City Council of Cádiz, is signed “Luna = Paris 1888”. It was completed by the time Luna moved to Paris, after winning a First Class medal for Spoliarium in 1884. It was commissioned by the Overseas Ministry and would be exhibited in the Barcelona Universal Exposition. The figure of Spain wears an adaptation of a 19th century European dress in bright red and gold, while the Philippines is dressed in traditional Filipina clothing of a simple baro (a local blouse), a checkered saya (skirt) and a sheer, striped tapis or overskirt. She no longer wears a wreath, but gold earrings and peineta (a Philippine decorative comb patterned after Spanish ones) in her hair bundled at the nape. Her left heel, shod in a traditional slipper, is raised, as if about to take a step further. It is noteworthy that Luna revised the woman´s attire, from classical to a contemporary mode of dress representative of their respective regions. The use of Philippine contemporary local attire is strategic, as its reference to the nation is much more explicit and thereforte more immediately apparent to the viewer. Its overt image of the identity of the colony also fits its exhibitionary context. In this case, it was very likely to have been on display at the Overseas Ministry´s section in the exposition, a presentation of Spain´s colonies, which was distinct from the section focused on fine arts in general. The message is: Spain guides the Philippines on an ascendant path of learning, progress and glory. Notably, it is a journey which Spain also undertakes, implying a shared and mutually beneficial course of direction, consistent with Balaguer´s (then head of the Overseas Ministry) ideas about the role of Spain in the future development of the Philippines.

Chikiamko, C. Scott, P., 'Ascending the staircase: propaganda, patronage and Juan Luna's España y Filipinas' En:. Between Worlds: Raden Saleh and Juan Luna, Singapur, National Gallery Singapore, 2017, p.132-143 [132-133, 135-136, 138-140 f.5]

Technical data

Inventory number
P006858
Author
Luna y Novicio, Juan
Title
Spain Insuring the Glory of the Philippines
Date
1888
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 442 cm.; Width: 167 cm.
Provenance
Museo de Ultramar, 1888-1908; Museo de Arte Moderno, 1908-1971; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2016

Bibliography +

Díez, José Luis, Cánovas y la Restauración, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Madrid, 1997, pp. 275.

Discovering Philippine Art in Spain, Dept. of Foreign Affairs and National Centennial Commission, Manila (Filipinas), 1998, pp. 227.

Orihuela, Mercedes y Cenalmor, Elena, El ''Prado disperso''. Obras depositadas en Cádiz y su provincia y en Huelva. San Fernando. Cuartel General de la Zona Marítima del Estrecho, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXII, 2004, pp. 105.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 350.

Chikiamko, C. Scott, P., 'Ascending the staircase: propaganda, patronage and Juan Luna's España y Filipinas' En:, Between Worlds: Raden Saleh and Juan Luna, National Gallery Singapore, Singapur, 2017, pp. 132-143 [132-133, 135-136, 138-140 f.5].

Ocampo, A. R, 'Juan Luna. A brush with History' En:, Between Worlds: Raden Saleh and Juan Luna, National Gallery Singapore,, Singapur, 2017, pp. 112-123 [117-118, 122].

G. Navarro, Carlos, 'Juan Luna's cursus honorum in Spain: Laurels and Thorns' En:, Between Worlds: Raden Saleh and Juan Luna, National Gallery Singapore,, Singapur, 2017, pp. 124-131 [128 f.3].

Other inventories +

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 43L.

Exhibitions +

Cánovas y la restauración
Madrid
17.12.1997 - 05.02.1998

Location +

(Deposit)

Update date: 06-05-2019 | Registry created on 25-11-2016

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