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The Coronation of the Virgin
Massard, Jean -Engraver- (After Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y); Cruz Vázquez, Manuel de la -Drafstman-
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Massard, Jean -Engraver- (After Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y)
Cruz Vázquez, Manuel de la
Madrid, 1750 - Madrid, 1792

The Coronation of the Virgin

1795. Taille douce: etching and engraving on laid paper Not on display

This print is part of a series published by the Company for the engraving of paintings from the Royal Palaces, although it was only published after that institution was no longer active. The Company for the engraving of the paintings from the Royal Palaces was one of the Spanish Enlightenment’s major undertakings during the second half of the 18th century. It supervised the reproduction of prints of paintings from the Royal Collections and its early projects were carried out by Francisco de Goya, who reproduced some of Velázquez’s paintings in 1778, and by Juan Barcelón and Nicolás Barsanti, who reproduced The Labors of Hercules after the fresco that Luca Giordano had painted between 1777 and 1785.

On November 16, 1789, Charles IV authorized the founding of the Company for the engraving of paintings from the Royal Palaces in order to spread knowledge of the wealth of the Royal Collections in a manner comparable to other European countries. This private enterprise received royal protection and its partners were noblemen from Madrid, including the Duke of Osuna and José Nicolás de Azara, who contacted the French and Italian engravers charged with the task. At first, the artistic direction was handled by Manuel Salvador Carmona and Francisco Bayeu, who respectively supervised engravings and drawings. According to the collection’s Subscription Plan, the prints were published in series of six issues, beginning in February 1794. The price for subscribers was 288 reals per issue, while non-subscribers were charged 360 reals. An additional “100 prints without words” were pulled and these were sold at twice the price of the others (Continuación del Memorial Literario, intructivo y curioso de la Corte de Madrid. Vol. I, [August], Imprenta Real, 1793, pp. 257-63).

Flagging sales and increasing costs gradually weakened the Company’s economic stability, calling for increased private support. The poor quality of the drawings and their predominantly religious subject matter, as Azara argued, as well as a certain degree of disorganization—an absence of order or classification, as well as unequal formats—made it difficult to bind these prints or to hang them together in cabinets, and all this led the project into bankruptcy in barely ten years. In 1800, it was proposed to the king that Calcografía Nacional defray the project’s costs, and in 1812 the plates and other materials were deposited at the Royal Press. Finally, in 1818, the plates themselves entered Calcografía Nacional (Vega, J., Museo del Prado. Catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, 1992, pp. 222-223).

In all, 74 copper plates were engraved from a total of 95 drawings commissioned for the collection. Calcografía Nacional received 50 plates, including the 24 that had already been published by the Company and 26 more. The remaining 24 had actually been engraved, but the engravers had never delivered them to the Company (Carrete, J., El grabado calcográfico en la España Ilustrada, 1978, pp. 28-31).

Technical data

Related artworks

The Coronation of the Virgin
Taille douce: etching and engraving on laid paper, 1795
The Coronation of the Virgin
Taille douce: etching and engraving on continuous paper, 1795
The Coronation of the Virgin
Oil on canvas, 1635 - 1636
Inventory number
G002308
Author
Massard, Jean -Engraver- (After Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y); Cruz Vázquez, Manuel de la -Drafstman-
Title
The Coronation of the Virgin
Date
1795
Technique
Taille douce: etching and engraving
Support
Laid paper
Dimension
Height: 750 mm.; Width: 535 mm.; Height of the plate mark: 555 mm.; Width of the plate mark: 405 mm.
Series
Compañía para el grabado de los cuadros de los Reales Palacios. Madrid: Imprenta Real, 1791- 1800
Provenance
Collection of Edward Gordon Douglas-Pennant, First Baron Penrhyn of Llandegai (1800-1886), United Kingdom; Heirs of Edward Gordon Douglas-Pennant, United Kingdom; Eduardo Moreda; Artemis Fine Arts Limited, London; Acquisition, 2000.

Bibliography +

Gallego, Antonio, Catálogo de los dibujos de la Calcografía Nacional, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, 1978, pp. 76, n.36.

Carrete Parrondo, Juan, El grabado calcográfico en la España ilustrada: aproximación histórica, estampas de Manuel Salvador Carmona, repertorio de grabadores españoles del siglo XVIII, Club Urbis, Madrid, 1978, pp. 29, n. 25.

Vega, Jesusa, Museo del Prado: catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 230, n.1176.

Velázquez en blanco y negro, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 2000, pp. 82-94 y p. 230.

Calcografía Nacional (España), Calcografía Nacional: catálogo general, I, Calcografía Nacional, Madrid, 2004, pp. 200, n.2132.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2563.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Displayed objects +

Scepter/Sceptre

Wreath, Floral / Crown of flowers

Orb / Sphere

Update date: 25-07-2019 | Registry created on 13-05-2016

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