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The Struggle to Live
Torre y Estefanía, Rafael de la
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Torre y Estefanía, Rafael de la

Madrid, 1890 - Madrid, 1934

See author's file

The Struggle to Live

1895. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The academic culture of nineteenth-century Spain introduced the concept of decency to the representation of the female nude. During the Restoration, there was a proliferation of images of women obliged for financial reasons to pose nude for artists, who in return deliberately concealed their faces to preserve their dignity. In this work, the model hide their nudity with dramatic gesture. The dejection is heightened by the presence of an older woman of humble origins, who seems to remind her of her deprived situation. The painter gives the fabrics covering the model a treatment comparable to that of her body, an apparently ironic comment on the fact that both cloths and nudes were regarded as objects in the academic training of artists.

Technical data

Inventory number
Torre y Estefanía, Rafael de la
The Struggle to Live
Height: 259.5 cm; Width: 205 cm
Acquisition, 1895; Museo de Arte Moderno, 1895-1971; Museo del Prado, 1971

Bibliography +

Pantorba, B. de, Historia y crítica de las Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes, Jesús Ramón García Rama, Madrid, 1980, pp. 157.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en La Coruña II. La Coruña. Diputación, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VIII, 1987, pp. 138.

Sobrino Manzanares, M.L., Catálogo del Patrimonio Artístico de la Diputacion de A Coruña, Diputación de A Coruña, La Coruña, 1991, pp. 731.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, III, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado. Catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 568.

G. Navarro, Carlos, Invitadas. Fragmentos sobre mujeres, ideología y artes plásticas en España (1833-1931), Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2020, pp. 193 nº 33.

Other inventories +

Inv. General del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1902. Núm. 885.

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1219.

Registro del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1954. Núm. 20-T.

Inscriptions +

R. Torre y Estefanía / 1895
Front, lower right corner

Location +

La Coruña - Diputación Provincial de La Coruña (Deposit)

Update date: 24-12-2021 | Registry created on 31-05-2018

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