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View of the Port of Santa María
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
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Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Valencia, 1740 - Valencia (Spain), 1822

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View of the Port of Santa María

1781 - 1785. Oil on canvas. On display elsewhere

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for reasons of health, he had to abandon the project. It was continued by other artists. The genre of the “veduta” originates in Italy, particularly in Venice, attaining its greatest splendor in the 18th century. Views of cities and their inhabited surroundings, of ports and other curiosities gave expression to the trend toward analysis and classification during this period in European culture. Detailed descriptions were part of the same interest in systematized knowledge that drove the encyclopedists, and were encouraged by the ideas of the Enlightenment. In Spain, the enlightened monarch Charles III wished to create a testament to important locations, as commissioned from artists like Sánchez, Luis Paret y Alcázar and Antonio Carnicero. Sánchez began his work in Andalucía, where he stayed from 1781 to 1785. It is to these years that View of the Port of Santa María must be assigned. He moved to the Mediterranean coast. In October, 1787, he traveled to Barcelona to paint vistas of the Catalonian seacoast; one of these is the View of the Bridge at Martorell (P002922). He painted View of the Wharf at Cartagena (P003988) too. In 1792 he went to Galicia, and soon to the north of Spain, where he stayed until 1795 to paint views of the Cantabrian coast. In 1796, he received the title of Painter to the Court. Sánchez´s representational landscape painting derive their special charm from a certain naïveté in the clear and spacious compositions and the gentle palette of pastel tones, light pinks, grays, blues and greens, that were so much to the taste of the period. The painter animated these scenes with small passages from everyday life, related to the contemporary scenes on the tapestries decorating the walls of the Palace of Madrid and other royal residences (Text drawn from Mena, Manuela; The Majesty of Spain, Jackson, Mississippi, 2001, pp. 79-80).

The Majesty of Spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado and the Patrimonio Nacional presented by The Mississippi Commission for International Cultural Exchange, Jackson, Mississipi Commission For International Cultural Exchange, 2001, p.79-80

Technical data

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Inventory number
P001151
Author
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
Title
View of the Port of Santa María
Date
1781 - 1785
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 70 cm.; Width: 95 cm.
Series
Serie Vistas de Puentes Españoles
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IX. Museo Romántico, Boletín del Museo del Prado, III, 1982, pp. 197.

Espinós Díaz, Adela, Mariano Sanchez (1740-1822). Paisajista al Servicio de la Corte, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, 1989, pp. 227/ lám.5.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Mano, José Manuel de la, Mariano Sánchez y las colecciones de 'Vistas de puertos' en la España de finales del siglo XVIII, I Congreso Internacional de Pintura Española del Siglo XVIII., 1998, pp. 351-368.

El Oro y la Plata de las Indias en la Época de los Austrias, Fundacion Ico, Madrid, 1999.

The Majesty of Spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado and the Patrimonio Nacional presented by The Mississippi Commission for International Cultural Exchange, Mississipi Commission For International Cultural Exchange, Jackson, 2001, pp. 79-80.

1802, España entre dos siiglos y la devolución de Menorca, Catálogo de la exposición celebrada en Mahón, Museo de Menorca, Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones, Madrid, 2002, pp. 298.

Quintero, José, 'Bahía y Puerto de Cádiz' En :Una mirada ilustrada: los puertos españoles de Mariano Sánchez, Fundación Juanelo Turriano, Madrid, 2014, pp. 264-277 [264-266 f.p265].

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 343.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 343.
Sánchez (d. Mariano Ramón) / 343. Vista del puerto de Santa Maria, con pequeñas figuras. / Alto 2 pies, 5 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 3 pies, 5 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1022.
[Catálogos 1872-1882] 1022.-Vista del Puerto de Santa María. / Alto 0,69. Ancho 0,95.-Lienzo.

Inscriptions +

466.
Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner

Puerto de Sta Maria.
Inscribed in black. Front, lower right corner

LAOBRANOTIENETRANSCRIPCIONES

Exhibitions +

1802. España entre dos siglos y la recuperación de Menorca
Madrid
20.12.2002 - 15.03.2003

1802. España entre dos siglos y la recuperación de Menorca
Mahón
08.08.2002 - 15.10.2002

Tha majesty of spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado & patrimonio nacional (La majestad de España)
Jackson MS
01.03.2001 - 03.09.2001

Location +

Madrid - Museo Naval (Deposit)

Update date: 05-01-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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