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Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del

Córdoba (Spain), 1616 - Córdoba (Spain), 1668

He was the son of Agustín del Castillo, a painter born in Llerena, Extremadura, whose work is practically unknown but whom Palomino called an “excellent painter.” Orphaned in 1626, Antonio studied with an unknown painter named Ignacio Aedo Calderón. He may later have travelled to Seville, although we have no proof, where Palomino suggests he was a pupil of Zurbarán. This idea is corroborated by that master’s clear influence on Antonio del Castillo’s style. In 1635, he was in Cordoba, where he married and settled permanently, becoming, indisputably, the most important painter in that city. There, he made both altar paintings and portraits, as well as medium-sized series. There is no visible evolution in his work, and he always eschewed the new baroque trends adopted by other contemporaneous painters. His figures of saints remain close to strict naturalism, but his more involved works are generally more open, especially in their depiction of buildings and landscapes. Lázaro Díaz del Valle already considered him a landscape painter, and Palomino praised his ability to capture nature, calling him an “excellent landscape painter who sometimes went for walks intending to draw and copy some locations from nature.” This observation by Palomino is interesting in its characterization of Antonio del Castillo as an artist particularly interested in painting from life, both in his landscapes and his depictions of everyday people and animals. He portrays them all with considerable immediacy in his drawings, many of which have survived. According to Palomino, Castillo’s love of drawing led him to “draw everything offered to him.” His works are direct and truly singular. Outstanding among his works at the Museo del Prado is a series of six canvases on the story of Joseph, which was acquired for the Museo de la Trinidad in 1863 and later entered the Museo del Prado.

Artworks (25)

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas, XVII century
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Saint Jerome
Oil on canvas, 1635
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1645
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Saint John the Baptist
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1645
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Joseph and His Brothers
Oil on canvas, 1655 - 1660
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Joseph’s Triumph in Egypt
Oil on canvas, 1655 - 1660
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Joseph’s Chastity
Oil on canvas, 1655 - 1660
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Joseph Sold by His Brothers
Oil on canvas, 1655 - 1660
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Joseph Explains the Pharaoh’s Dreams
Oil on canvas, 1655 - 1660
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del

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