The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Collection <Back
Saint John the Baptist
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del

Córdoba (Spain), 1616 - Córdoba (Spain), 1668

See author's file

Saint John the Baptist

Ca. 1645. Oil on canvas

The figure depicted here is recognizable as Saint John the Baptist by his clothing, the lamb that accompanies him, the cross with its banner, the stream running at his feet and the shell with water alongside him, which was his baptismal instrument. He holds a book in his hands, which was not customary in images of him but not unknown in Andalusia, as can be seen, for example, in Juan de Mesa’s sculpture at the Museum in Seville. Saint John appears before a landscape in a very frontal position. He looks towards the viewer and occupies the greater part of the pictorial surface. These formal characteristics are directly related to the painting’s origin as the principal panel of an altarpiece at the vestry of the church of the Trinitarios Calzados of Cordoba. In the 19th century, the images from that altarpiece were moved to the church of Santa Marina and at least four of its six paintings were scattered and subsequently replaced with copies. The depiction of Saint John is at least twice as tall as the other works and the saint’s scale is nearly three times that of his companions, being close to life sized. The difference of scale, frontal presentation and forceful depiction of Saint John’s anatomy imbued the altarpiece with a notable monumentality that is still felt when contemplating this work alone. The manner in which the composition is resolved and the use of a subtle chiaroscuro to model the saint’s body link this painting to Zurbarán’s works, making it an example of that artist’s impact in the Guadalquivir Valley. A comparison with another Saint John the Baptist by Castillo, documented in 1643 (Cordoba, church of Santa Marina), suggests that the present work was painted at least two years later, as it is more mature in its compositional and descriptive technique. The care that Castillo took in executing this painting is revealed by the existence of various drawings. With this Saint John the Baptist, the Museo del Prado expands its collection of works by Antonio del Castillo to include a masterpiece from one of the most productive moments in his career.

Technical data

Inventory number
P008221
Author
Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del
Title
Saint John the Baptist
Date
Ca. 1645
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 167.4 cm.; Width: 104 cm.
Provenance
Sacristy of Trinitarios Calzados, Córdoba; During the Confiscation transferred to the church of Santa Marina, Córdoba; Acquired by Francis Tomes, possibly for Louis Durr (1821-1880), Seville; Bequest of Louis Durr to the Historical Society, New York; Deposited in the Hispanic Society, 1975-1987, New York; Collection of Plácido Arango Arias; Bequest of Plácido Arango Arias, 2015.

Bibliography +

Valverde Madrid, José, Nuevos datos sobre el pintor Antonio del Castillo, Boletín de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Santa Isabel de Hungría, IV/173, 1976, pp. 197-260.

Nancarrow Taggard, Mindy, Pintura de Antonio del Castillo en museos norteamericanos, Archivo español de arte, LXV/259-260, 1992, pp. 326-28.

Pérez Sánchez, A. E., Navarrete Prieto, B., Pintura española recuperada por el coleccionismo privado, Fundación Fondo de Cultura de Sevilla, Sevilla, 1996, pp. 126-28.

Navarrete Prieto, Benito, La pintura andaluza del siglo XVII y sus fuentes grabadas, Fundación de Apoyo a la Historia del Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 1998, pp. 173.

Nancarrow, M., Navarrete Prieto, B., Antonio del Castillo, Fundación de Apoyo a la Historia del Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2004, pp. 148-52.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Plácido Arango Arias. Donación de 25 obras maestras de su colección de arte antiguo al Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. n. 14.

Navarrete, B. García de la Torre, F, 'Antonio del Castillo Saavedra. San Juan Bautista' En:, Antonio del Castillo en la senda del naturalismo, Junta de Andalucía,, Córdoba, 2016, pp. 96-97 n.18.

Portús Pérez, Javier, 'Antonio del Castillo Saavedra. San Juan Bautista' En:, Donación de Plácido Arango Arias al Museo del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2016, pp. 40-41 n.11.

Navarrete, B. García de la Torre, F, 'De lo corpóreo a lo monumental. Pintura versus escultura' En:, Antonio del Castillo en la senda del naturalismo, Junta de Andalucía,, Córdoba, 2016, pp. 47-97 [50,66,69 n.18].

Museo Nacional del Prado, Memoria de actividades 2015, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2016, pp. 54-55.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2906.

Exhibitions +

Antonio del Castillo en la senda del naturalismo.
Córdoba
29.11.2016 - 28.02.2017

Update date: 07-05-2019 | Registry created on 24-08-2015

Other works by Castillo Saavedra, Antonio del

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.

Up