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Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista

Pastrana, Guadalajara, 1581 - Madrid, 1649

One of the most unknown masters of Spanish painting. Although Lope de Vega, Francisco Pacheco, Jusepe Martínez and Antonio Palomino all expressed great admiration for Maino, as both a person and as a painter, he has yet to be fully studied. Moreover, the fact that he produced considerably less art after he became a Dominican friar signifies that only about forty pieces by him are known today.
Maino is known to have taught drawing to the future king Philip IV, who always expressed his appreciation and respect for his former instructor’s artistic judgment. But little else is known about him. Indeed, the fact that he was born in Spain was not even established until 1958.
We now know that he was born in 1581 in Pastrana, Alcarria, to a Milanese merchant of the same name and a native of Lisbon named Ana de Figueredo. He spent his adolescence in Madrid before moving to Italy, probably around the end of the 16th century. There, he received a solid grounding in the two leading pictorial movements that held sway in Rome around 1600: the revolutionary naturalist painting of the Caravaggio school, and the revision of Italian classicism associated with Annibale Carracci and the Bolognese school. Maíno’s direct involvement with this merging of contributions and styles is evident in specific aspects of his work: the sculptural monumentality of figures rendered with intense, contrasting lighting, and vivid, saturated colors rich in yellows, ochers, cobalt blues and vermilions. He employed various supports and dimensions and stood out for both his portraits and his landscapes. His few surviving works in the latter genre combine a classicist poetic with meticulous botanical detail quite close to the work of Flemish landscape painters (Ruiz, L.: Juan Bautista Maíno: 1581-1649, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009).

Artworks (15)

Saint John the Baptist
Oil, Before 1613
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
Saint Dominic of Guzmán
Oil on panel, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
Saint John the Evangelist in Patmos
Oil on canvas, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
The Adoration of the Magi
Oil on canvas, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
The Pentecost
Oil on canvas, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
The Resurrection
Oil on canvas, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
The Penitent Magdalene in the Grotto of Sainte-Baume
Oil on panel, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
Saint Catherine of Siena
Oil on panel, 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista

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