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Villandrando, Rodrigo de

Madrid?, ca. 1588 - Madrid (Spain), 1622

The son of a musician from His Majesty's Chamber, this Spanish painter became a chamber usher in 1621. He trained as a court portrait painter with Juan Pantoja de la Cruz and became one of his most skilled disciples. His own work echoes his teacher's, prolonging the tradition that precedes Sánchez Coello's and presents royal figures with wooden severity and a plethora of minor details. These works repeated complex schemes of symbolic staging designed to convey a sense of royal majesty. Villandrando is known to have had close relations with various court figures as well as a relatively comfortable economic situation, which was uncommon among his fellow painters at that time. After he died, his post as king's painter was occupied by Velázquez. Villandrando also painted religious works, which are now in various locations, including the monastery of Las Descalzas Reales in Madrid and the Carmelite convent at La Cuerva de Toledo. His best-known and most valued compositions, royal portraits of Philip IV and his wife, Elizabeth of Bourbon (Prado), reflect that period's approach to likenesses of royal figures, described above. Those two pendants hung in Madrid's Alcázar palace in 1634 (García López, D. in Enciclopedia M.N.P., 2006, vol. VI, pp. 2185-2186).

Artworks (3)

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