Inventory number
P07263
Author
Anonymous
Title
Bear. San Baudelio in Casillas de Berlanga
Chronology
Twelfth Century
Technique
Fresco
Support
Mural painting transferred to canvas
Dimensions
201 cm x 113 cm
School
Spanish
Theme
Genre and Society
On display
Yes
Provenance
San Baudelio de Casillas de Berlanga, Soria, 1926; Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, 1926-1957; ingresa en el Museo del Prado como depósito temporal indefinido del Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957.

This set of mural paintings that adorned the interior of the early eleventh-century Mozarabe church of San Baudelio in Casillas de Berlanga was taken off the walls and exported to the United States in 1926, where it was divided among different institutions. Pieces from that set are now exhibited in museums in Boston and Indianapolis, and at the Cloisters Museum in New York.

The six fragments were part of the decoration of the inner register of the nave of the Hermitage of San Baudelio, and the front of the choir stalls. All of the subjects were secular. The compositions are simple, using primary colors, and the figures are flat, with very summary profiles.

The present piece was originally located on the wall running along the platform west of the body of the hermitage, alongside the Elephant (P07264). The reddish profile of the bear stands out against the light background and is delimited by a reddish frame of floral motives.

Unlike the other animals depicted in San Baudelio, the bear is associated with the powers of evil. It generally appears alongside a man who is supposed to conquer it. Here, the Soldier (P07266) with which it could be associated is separated from it, though close by.

Access to the six fragments: Elephant (P07264); Hare Hunting (P07265); Deer Hunting (P07268); Soldier or Beater (P07266); Curtain (P07267); Bear (P07263).

 
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