- Inventory number
- Mengs, Anton Rafael
- Carlos III
- Ca. 1761
- 151,1 cm x 109 cm
- On display
- Royal Collection (Royal Palace, Madrid, “callejón de paso a las tribunas”, 1814-1818, s.n.?)
Born to Felipe V (1683-1746) and Isabel de Farnesio (1692-1766), Carlos III occupied the throne of Naples under the name Carlos VII between 1738 and 1759, when he became king of Spain. His reign was marked by great economic prosperity, as well as the development of the arts and ideas associated with the Enlightenment.
He wears sumptuous military dress clothing, with the necklaces of the Golden Fleece, Saint Esprit and San Genaro on his chest. The portrait is completed with various elements alluding to his majesty as a monarch: the rulers staff in his right hand, and his royal ermine-lined robes, with castles, lions and fleurs de lis as heraldic symbols, on the table.
With this painting, Mengs configured the official image of the King of Spain, and numerous copies were mande. It is paired with the portrait of Mary Amalia of Saxony (P02201), and both were painted shortly after the artist arrived in Spain.