Inventory number
P01179
Author
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (and others)
Title
Queen Isabel de Borbón on Horseback
Chronology
Ca. 1635
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimensions
301 cm x 314 cm
School
Spanish
Theme
Portrait
On display
Yes
Provenance
Royal Collection (Royal Palace of El Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, [n. 249]; New Royal Palace, Madrid, “paso de tribuna y trascuartos”, 1772, n. 249; Royal Palace, Madrid, “pieza de comer”, 1814-1818, n. 241)

An equestrian portrait of Isabel de Borbón (1602-1644). Daughter of Henri IV of France and Maria de Medici, she was the wife of Felipe IV (1605-1665). She is sumptuously dressed with a ruff collar, a walnut skirt with golden relief embroidery, and a white bodice with embroidered with silver stars.

The horse's extremely elegant and realistic head, and the highly expressive head of the queen are especially important here. They constitute examples of Velázquez's finest art. His rapid and decisive technique contrasts with the meticulous rendering of the clothing and of the horse's blanket, which may be by another hand.

This painting hung on one of the smaller sides of the Salón de Reinos at Madrid's Buen Retiro Palace, where it was paired with Felipe IV on Horseback (P01178). It is listed in the inventories of Madrid's Royal Palace from 1734 to 1814 and entered the Prado Museum collection in 1819.

 
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