- Inventory number
- Lorraine, Claude
- Landscape with the Burial of Saint Serapia
- 1639 - 1640
- 212 cm x 145 cm
- On display
- Royal Collection (Royal Palace of El Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, [n. 182]; New Royal Palace, Madrid, “estudio de Andrés de la Calleja”, 1772, n. 182; El Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, 1794, n. 1063)
A landscape with ruins evoking the city of Rome, where Saint Serapia was buried in the second century A. D.
Saint Serapia was a Christian virgin and martyr born in Antioch, Syria, during the reign of Emperor Hadrian. She was persecuted for her beliefs and was twice saved from the martyrdom ordered by the Roman prefect, Berilus. Finally, she was whipped and decapitated. The scene depicted by Lorraine shows the moment when the saint is buried by Saint Sabine in her own tomb at the Piazza de Vincidiano in Rome.
The top of the sarcophagus bears the motto: SEPULTURA-S-SABIN. SEPELIRI. IVBET SANCTE SERAPE.
This work was sent to the landscape gallery at the Buen Retiro Palace of Felipe IV (1605-1665) and is a companion to Moses saved from the waters (P02253), The Archangel Raphael and Tobias (P02255) and Landscape with the Embarkation of Saint Paula Romana at Ostia (P02254), which are also in the Prado Museum Collection.