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Biblioteca Nacional de España. New Viewpoints

Museo Nacional del Prado. Madrid 5/22/2012 - 9/19/2012

Exhibited for the first time at the Museo del Prado are six portraits of the family of Philip V from the collection of the Biblioteca Nacional de España. Commissioned from the painter Miguel Jacinto Meléndez for the Royal Public Library in 1727, they are now shown alongside six further works by the artist from the Museum’s own collection.The six portraits on display here from the Biblioteca Nacional constitute the most important group of works by this artist and reveal his artistic maturity as a portraitist. Together with these portraits from the Biblioteca Nacional, the Museo del Prado is displaying the portraits of Philip V and Isabella Farnese from its own collection. They conform to a prototype of official royal portrait formulated by Meléndez and widely disseminated. Two fine portrait drawings of two of the royal children are displayed alongside them.

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Uncle of the still-life painter Luis Meléndez, Miguel Jacinto Meléndez (Oviedo, 1679 – Madrid, 1734) was one of the finest painters in Madrid in the first third of the eighteenth century. In artistic terms this was a transitional period between the Baroque of the Golden Age - which lasted until well into the eighteenth century - and the creation of the Fine Arts Academy, but one that also reveals signs of the new aesthetic trends that led on to the Rococo.

Access

Room 21. Villanueva Building

Co-organized by:
Museo Nacional del Prado
Biblioteca Nacional
AC/E. Acción Cultural Española

Artworks

1

Philip V as Protector of the Biblioteca Pública Real

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Oil on canvas, 103 cm

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

2

Isabella Farnese as Protector of the Real Biblioteca Pública

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Oil on canvas, 103 cm

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

3

Prince Fernando, the future Ferdinand VI

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Oil on canvas, 53 cm

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

4

Carlos de Borbón, the future Charles III

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Oil on canvas, 53 cm

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

5

Felipe de Borbón

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Oil on canvas, 53 cm

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

6

María Ana Victoria de Borbón

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Óleo sobre lienzo, 52 cm de diámetro

1727

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

7

Portrait of a Girl

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Black and red chalk on wove paper, 45 x 52 mm

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

8

Portrait of a Boy

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Black chalk on white laid paper, 73 x 50 mm

1727

Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

13

Kneeling Noblewoman

Miguel Jacinto Meléndez

Preparatory drawing for Saint Augustine vanquishing the Plague of Locusts

Charcoal with a touch of lead white on yellowish laid paper, 322 x 262 mm

1734

Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

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