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Rome in your pocket. Sketchbooks and artistic learning in the XVIII Century

Museo Nacional del Prado. Madrid 10/15/2013 - 2/9/2014

Between 1758 and 1764 a group of eight young students received grants from the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando to study in Rome in order to complete their artistic training. During their time there, and in conformance with the Academia’s instructions, the students acquired sketchbooks in which they made the obligatory copies of antique works and others by the Renaissance and Baroque masters. They also attended the Accademia del Nudo on the Campidoglio where they participated in life drawing classes of the male nude. These small sketchbooks, known in Italian as taccuini, were used for making sketches and studies from life, but also for annotations of other types and as travel diaries. For these artists they were an obligatory element in their learning process, in which they recorded all the works that constituted a reference point for their future activities. The sketchbooks allow for an appreciation of the artistic interests of the period through the copying of the works of art to be seen in Rome. As such, they are a valuable source of first-hand information for understanding the artistic and personal context of the period.

Access

Room D. Jerónimos Building

Opening time

Monday to Saturday from 10am to 8pm. Sunday and holidays from 10am to 7pm.

Technological support:
Samsung

Multimedia

Exhibition

The Accademia de San Fernando and the grant students in Rome

The Accademia de San Fernando and the grant students in Rome
Book of various ornaments taken from the finest buildings in Rome, both ancient and modern by Don Domingo Antonio Lois Monteagudo during the time of his residence in Rome as a Grant Student of the King in that City, studying Architecture from the year 1759 to 1764, inclusive, 1759-64
Domingo Antonio Lois Monteagudo
Black chalk and pen and grey-brown ink. 104 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original binding in Spanish paste with gilt tooling on the spine
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España

The Real Accademia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando made these study trips possible through grants. This second section includes various books and documents relating to all the phases of the procedure, from the selection of students to the instructions that governed their stay and the financial management of the programme.

The sketchbooks

The sketchbooks
Italian Sketchbook (Nymph)
Mariano Salvador Maella
Black and red chalk and pen and grey-brown ink. 91 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
1758 - 1765 and 1765 - 1790
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Finally, the exhibition presents an outstanding group of sketchbooks by Spanish and foreign artists, which reveal the most artistically unconstrained side of the grant students’ study process in Rome. Through observation from life they selected the elements and compositions that most interested them in the city and depicted them in their sketchbooks.

Rome and its sights

Rome and its sights
Italian Sketchbook I. Allegory of the Arts
José del Castillo
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink. 138 sheets of Italian laid paper. Modern parchment binding
1762
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

Two magnificent views of Rome by Giuseppe Vasi and Juan de Villanueva establish the urban context that surrounded the young artists during their time in Italy. Also on display are two Itineraries of Rome by Mariano Vasi, which were used as guides by many of the travellers visiting the Eternal City in the late 18th century.

The students in Rome and academic drawing

The students in Rome and academic drawing
Italian Sketchbook (Man)
Mariano Salvador Maella
Black and red chalk and pen and grey-brown ink. 91 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
1758 - 1765 and 1765 - 1790
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

The students selected for grants by the Real Academia in Rome also developed their skills through the academic methods prevailing at this period. This section displays a group of drawings or “academies” executed by different artists such as José del Castillo, Antonio Martínez Espinosa and Mariano Salvador Maella, all depicting the same models repeated from different viewpoints. An analysis of the different types of life studies that the students sent back to Madrid reveals the method of drawing employed and the aims of the drawing sessions.

Artworks

1

Prospetto D[ell] alma Cittá di Roma visto dal Monte Gianicolo

Giuseppe Vasi
Etching and engraving. Hand coloured
1765
Madrid, Patrimonio Nacional, Real Biblioteca

2

The Piazza del Popolo in Rome from the gateway of that name

Juan de Villanueva
Brush and wash, grey and black ink
1763
Madrid, Museo de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

3

Itinerario istruttivo di Roma o dia descrizione generale delle opere più insigni di pittura, scultura e architettura e di tutti i monumenti antichi, e moderni di quest’alma citta’, 2 vols., Rome, Luigi Perego Salvioni

Mariano Vasi Romano
1794
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, Library

4

Official announcement of the competition for four study grants in Rome

20 April 1758
Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

5

Country House for a Noble

Domingo Antonio Lois Monteagudo
Black chalk with pen and black ink
1758
Madrid, Museo de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

6

Letter from Tiburcio de Aguirre to Manuel de Roda on the award of grants

24 October 1758
Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

7

Instructions for students of architecture

20 September 1758
Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

8

Instructions for the director and students of painting and sculpture

28 September 1758
Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

9

istribution of prizes awarded by His Majesty the King to the students of the three noble arts, made by the Real Academia de San Fernando at the general assembly of 28 August 1760

Gabriel Ramírez
1760
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, Biblioteca

10

Account book for the year 1760. Records of monthly payments of grants

Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

11

Receipt from José del Castillo for his study grant in Rome. Account book for the year 1762

Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
13. Pictorial Arcadia in a dream: allegory or practical Poem on the theory and practice of painting written by Parrasio Tebano, Pastor Arcade [...] divided into two parts, the first on drawing and the second on colour, Madrid, Antonio de Sancha
Francisco Preciado de la Vega

1789
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, Library

12

List of drawings by the grant students at the court of Rome

Early 19th century
Madrid, Archivo-Biblioteca de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

13

The Rape of the Sabines

Mariano Salvador Maella
Red chalk
1759
Madrid, Museo de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

14

Life Study

Antonio Martínez Espinosa
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared laid paper
1759
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

15

Nude Study

Domingo Álvarez Enciso
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

16

Nude Study

José del Castillo
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

17

Nude study

Antonio Martínez Espinosa
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

18

Nude Study

Antonio Primo
Red chalk on prepared paper
ca. 1760 - 1766
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

19

Nude Study

Mariano Salvador Maella
Red chalk on paper without preparation
1759
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

21

Life Study as Neptune

José del Castillo
Charcoal, black chalk and touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

22

Life Study

Isidro Carnicero
Black chalk on prepared paper
1764
Madrid, Museo de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

23

Life Study

José del Castillo
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

24

Life Study

Domingo Álvarez Enciso
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

25

Life Study

Mariano Salvador Maella
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Private collection

26

Life Study

Nicolás Dagneau y Brean
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1784
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

27

Life Study

Domingo Álvarez Enciso
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

28

Life Study

José del Castillo
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

29

Life Study

Mariano Salvador Maella
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1760
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

30

Life Study

José del Castillo
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1759
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

31

Life Study

José del Castillo
Red chalk with touches of white chalk on prepared paper
1763
Madrid, Biblioteca de la Facultad de Bellas Artes (UCM)

32

Italian Sketchbook

Domingo Álvarez Enciso
Black chalk, red chalk and pen and grey-brown ink. 88 pages of laid paper. Original parchment binding
1758 - 1762 and 1773 - 1789
Barcelona, Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya

33

Italian Sketchbook

Mariano Salvador Maella
Black and red chalk and pen and grey-brown ink. 91 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
1758 - 1765 and 1765 - 1790
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

35

Italian Sketchbook I

José del Castillo
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink. 138 sheets of Italian laid paper. Modern parchment binding
1762
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

39

Italian Sketchbook

Francisco de Goya
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink. 83 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
1770 - 1786
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado

41

Vade mecum of Rome I

Edme Bouchardon
Red and black chalk, graphite and pen and grey-brown ink. 78 sheets of Italian laid paper Original parchment binding
1723 - 1732
New York, The Pierpont Morgan Library

42

Sketchbook of drawings produced in Florence and on the journey from Rome to Florence

Joshua Reynolds
Black chalk. 79 sheets of laid paper. Original parchment binding
1752
London, The British Museum

43

The Vallardi Album

Angelica Kauffmann
Black chalk, pen and wash in grey-brown ink. 137 drawings on Dutch laid paper
Modern, blue cloth binding
1758 - 1766
London, Victoria & Albert Museum

44

Taccuino 17

Carlo Spiridione Mariotti
Black and red chalk, pen and grey-brown ink and grey-brown ink wash. 66 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
ca. 1748
Perugia, Consiglio Regionale, Regione Umbria

45

Taccuino 18

Carlo Spiridione Mariotti
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink and grey-brown and grey ink wash. 59 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
ca. 1748
Perugia, Consiglio Regionale, Regione Umbria

46

Taccuino 22

Carlo Spiridione Mariotti
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink. 81 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
ca. 1748
Perugia, Consiglio Regionale, Regione Umbria

47

Taccuino 23

Carlo Spiridione Mariotti
Black and red chalk with pen and grey-brown ink wash. 88 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
ca. 1748
Perugia, Consiglio Regionale, Regione Umbria

48

Roman Sketchbook

Anonymous artist
Black and red chalk, pen and wash in red, grey-brown and grey inks. 33 sheets of Italian laid paper. Original parchment binding
Second half of the 18th century/early 19th century
Madrid, Juan Bordes Collection

49

Italian Sketchbook

Frédéric Nepveu
Black chalk, charcoal, white chalk, pen with grey-brown, grey and black wash. 105 pages of French laid paper. Dutch, green paper binding
1805 - 1809
Madrid, Juan Bordes Collection

50

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