The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Close Continuar a ficha de la obra


1675 - 1700. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

This canvas by a late 17th-century painter is part of a group of four works, all at the Museo del Prado (P191, P3196, P3197 and P3198), that express the idea of the Elements through motives drawn from classical mythology. The female figure that represents Air is accompanied by the Winds. In her right hand, she carries a bag that sprinkles water, representing rain, while the ray of light represents storms and lightning. Her exact identity is unclear, however. Madrazo thought she might represent Dawn, but she is not accompanied by the proper attributes. Another possibility is Juno, who embodied Air on other occasions, but her traditional iconography is not present, either. J. R. Marcaida thought she represent the birds-of-paradise.

This work’s overall color scheme, human models and facial features are very similar to those of Antolínez. It is smaller than the other three, which were expanded with additional canvas on the sides some time before 1794, when numbers from that year’s inventory of the Buen Retiro palace were inscribed on the added canvas.

This important series has never received critical attention, yet it is especially interesting as an example of the artistic situation in circles close to the Madrid court during the final years of the 17th century. They reflect much of Carreño’s approach through Claudio Coello and Ruiz de la Iglesia, with clear but already distant echoes of Venetian and Flemish painting, and even knowledge of Luca Giordano, whose works are known to have been at the Madrid court since at least the late sixteen-fifties. These four works cannot be confidently attributed to any known artist and there are even some differences among them. The present one is attributed to Giordano, while the other three are always listed as anonymous, without mention of their school or possible circle.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Carreño, Rizi, Herrera y la pintura madrileña de su tiempo, Madrid, Ministerio de Cultura. Banco Herrero, 1986, p.348-350

Technical data

Related artworks

Oil on canvas, 1675 - 1700
Oil on canvas, 1675 - 1700
Oil on canvas, 1675 - 1700
Inventory number
1675 - 1700
Height: 196.5 cm; Width: 78 cm
Serie Alegorías de los Cuatro Elementos
Royal Collection (colección Felipe V, Quinta del duque del Arco, El Pardo-Madrid, cuarta pieza sala de invierno, 1745, [no. 63]; Quinta del duque del Arco, pieza cuarta, 1794, no. 66)

Bibliography +

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 810-811.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Carreño, Rizi, Herrera y la pintura madrileña de su tiempo, Ministerio de Cultura. Banco Herrero, Madrid, 1986, pp. 348-350.

Magariños, A., Las Raíces de todas las cosas.Exposición con motivo del Día Mundial del Medio Ambiente 1989, Ministerio de Obras Públicas, Madrid, 1989, pp. 13.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº2700.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia del Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2004, pp. 493.

Marcaida, José Ramón, Un detalle de la pintura “El Aire” del Museo del Prado, INVESTIGART., 2020, junio.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. [63].
Quarta Pieza Sala de Ynvierno [...] [63-66] Quatro quadros de tres varas de largo por vara y tercia de ancho de los quatro elementos sus marcos dorados=

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 191.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 191.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1921.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2700.
Jordan. / 2700. Una figura que representa el rocío. / Alto 6 pies, 11 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 2 pies, 9 pulg.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 66.
Pieza quarta [...] [4760] 66 / Otro [quadro] de tres varas de alto y una tercia de ancho: con una figura que representa el Elemento del aire: en ... 200

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in gray. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

Nº. 000. Mton. 75. / Deposito Flamenco. / El Crepusculo de la Ma- / ñana.
Inscribed in golden colour. Stretcher, central crossbeam, at center

Exhibitions +

Exposición sobre el Medio Ambiente
06.06.1989 - 30.06.1989

Location +

Madrid - Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales (Deposit)

Update date: 09-04-2022 | Registry created on 02-12-2015

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.