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Alfonso II of Asturias
Roca y Delgado, Mariano de la
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Roca y Delgado, Mariano de la

Sevilla (Spain), 1825 - Madrid (Spain), 1872

See author's file

Alfonso II of Asturias

1852. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history. Alfonso II of Asturias (c.?760-842), was the king of Asturias during two different periods: first in the year 783 and later from 791 until his death in 842.

Technical data

Inventory number
Roca y Delgado, Mariano de la
Alfonso II of Asturias
Height: 224 cm; Width: 140 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collección, 1852

Bibliography +

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Asturias. Oviedo. Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VI, 1985, pp. 113.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Remis Fernández, J., Las pinturas del Prado en Covadonga, La Nueva España. Oviedo, LXXII, 2008-01-30.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina: arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado. Catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 510.

Barón, Javier, 'Apéndices al catálogo. Retratos de la Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España depositados en el Museo de Covadonga' En: Museo de Covadonga. Catálogo de sus colecciones, Fundación María Cristina Masaveu Peterson, Madrid, 2018, pp. 371-403 [392 SC11].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2976.
D. Mariano de la Roca. / 2976. Retrato de D. Alfonso 2º. / Lleva tunica amarilla y manto carmesi, la mano izquierda apoyada en el escudo, en campo azul, y en la derecha el cetro. / Alto 8 pies; Ancho 5 pies.

Inscriptions +

Mariano de la Roca. / 1852
Front, lower right corner

Back, left side


Front, lower central area

Location +

Covadonga - Museo de Covadonga (Deposit)

Displayed objects +


Ceramic floor

Crown / Wreath

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 08-04-2016

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