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Alfonso X of Castile
Gimeno y Canencia, Eduardo
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Gimeno y Canencia, Eduardo

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Alfonso X of Castile

Ca. 1857. Oil on canvas. Not on display

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Gimeno y Canencia, Eduardo
Alfonso X of Castile
Ca. 1857
Height: 224 cm; Width: 142 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. VI. Ministerio de Justicia, Boletín del Museo del Prado, II, 1981, pp. 183.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina: arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado. Catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 228.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Adiciones, 1857-1868. Núm. 3030.
3030. D. Alonso 10. Emperador. / Alto 8 pies; ancho 5 pies de / Ferran (margen izquierdo, En el Ministerio de Gracia y Justicia)

Inscriptions +

E Gimeno
Signed. Front, lower right corner

D. AFONSO X ENPERADOR murió 1284 (sic)
Inscribed in black. Front, lower central area

Displayed objects +


Ceramic floor

Crown / Wreath

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 08-04-2016

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