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Allegory of Francesco I de’Medici
Bolonia, Juan de. Giambologna
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Bolonia, Juan de. Giambologna

Douai, Países Bajos, 1529 - Florencia, 1608

Allegory of Francesco I de’Medici

1560 - 1561. Italian alabaster, 31 x 45.8 cm.

The protagonist of this relief is Francesco de’Medici (1541-1587). His is the figure at the right, whom the gods´ messenger, Mercury, leads by the hand, towards a female figure that has been identified as an embodiment of the city of Florence. On the left of the composition are diverse mythological and allegorical figures, including a fluvial personification who probably represents the Arno River. There is also a representation of Saturn devouring one of his sons, and two groups of three figures, always with a clock in their hands. They are an allusion to the passage of time. This relief, with its complicated and enigmatic iconography, was probably given to Francesco de Medici by the artist. It would have been intended to show Francesco´s incipient power in the city of Florence. Giambologna employed the entire Renaissance esthetic in this work. Especially notable, here, is how he solved the architectural perspective on the right. The work appears in the inventory of Queen Isabel Farnesio in 1746.

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Technical data

Inventory number
E00296
Author
Bolonia, Juan de. Giambologna
Title
Allegory of Francesco I de’Medici
Date
1560 - 1561
Technique
Sculpted
Medium
Italian alabaster
Dimension
High/Height: 31 cm.; Width: 45.8 cm.; Base/bottom: 5 cm.; Weight: 12.6 Kg.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, 1746)

Bibliography +

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura, [s.n.], Madrid, 1908, pp. 214.

Schlosser, J., Werke der klinolastik in der skulpturensammlung des Allerch. Kaiserhauses. Bildewere in Bronze, Stein und Ton, I, Viena, 1910, pp. 10.

Planiscig, L., Kunsthistorische Museum in Wien. Die Bronze plastiken., Viena, 1924, pp. 155.

Dhanens, E., Jean Boulogne, Giovanni Bologna Fiammingo, Bruselas, 1956, pp. 136.

Avery, Charles, Giambologna 1529-1608, Westerham Press, Londres, 1978, pp. 154,155.

Arnaiz, J.M., La exposición Giambologna y sus conexiones con el Patrimonio Nacional y otros museos de España., Reales Sitios, XVI, 1979, pp. 57-62.

Borsi, Franco, Il potere e lo spazio: la scena del principe, Electa editrice, Florencia, Milán, 1980, pp. 332.

Ciano, C., I Medici e L'Europa 1532-1609. La Corte, El Mare, I Mercanti..., Edizioni Medicee, Florencia, 1980.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981, pp. 214,215.

Langedijk, Karla, The Portraits of the Medici. 15th-18th Centuries., II, Studio Per Edizioni Scelte, 1983, pp. 880.

Leithe-Jasper, Manfred, Renaissance master bronzes : from the collection of the Kuns..., Scala books in association witth, Viena, 1986, pp. 210-213.

Avery, Charles, Giambologna : the complete sculpture, Phaidon: Christie's, Oxford, 1987, pp. 177-179.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales Carlos III 1789-1790, II, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. 305.

Gibbons, Mary Weitzel, Giambologna : Narrator of the Catholic Reformation, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1995, pp. 91/ lám.40.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de la escultura de época moderna. Museo del Prado: siglos XVI-XVIII, Museo del Prado: Fundación Marce, Madrid, 1998, pp. 50-53.

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso: retrato y escena del rey, Patrimonio Nacional; El Viso, Madrid, 2000.

Arte y poesía: el amor y la guerra en el renacimiento, Sociedad Estatal de Conmemoraciones Culturales, Madrid, 2002, pp. 445.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Enciclopedia del Museo del Prado, II, T.F. Editores: Fundación Amigos, Madrid, 2006, pp. 350-352.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La Guía del Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 453.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Museo del Prado: la colección de escultura, artes decorativas y dibujos, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009.

Ed. Mena Marques, M, La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 115.

Mena, M. Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 13 n.32.

Ed. Mena Marques, M, La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 108.

Mena Marques, M. Albarrán,V. Azúa, F.de, La belleza cautiva. Pequeños tesoros del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado - Obra Social "La Caixa", Barcelona, 2014, pp. 74.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Escultura, 1857. Núm. 238.
238. Una medalla de alabastro con marco de ébano que representa una alegoría desconocida. Largo 1 pie, 7 pulg, 6 lin; de alto incluso su cerco 1 pie, 1 pulg, 4 lin.

Exhibitions +

La bellesa captiva. Petits tresors del Museo del Prado
Barcelona
16.07.2014 - 05.01.2015

Captive Beauty. Small Treasures at the Prado Museum
16.07.2014 - 05.01.2015

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Giambologna: gli dei, gli eroi. Genesi e fortuna di uno stile europeo nella scultura
Florencia
01.03.2006 - 15.06.2006

Pintura y poesía: del amor y la guerra en el Renacimiento
Madrid
01.11.2002 - 31.01.2003

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso. retrato y escena del rey
La Granja
15.06.2000 - 15.10.2000

Update date: 05-04-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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