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Boat-shaped agate cup with two masks and cover
Miseroni, Ottavio; Vermeyen, Jan
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra
Miseroni, Ottavio
1567
Vermeyen, Jan
Bruselas, 1559 - Praga, 1606

Boat-shaped agate cup with two masks and cover

Ca. 1590. Agate, Enamel, Gold. Room 079B

Vessel made up of five pieces of agate, and six mounts and an appliqué of enamelled gold. The boat-shaped bowl has an oval mouth and, like the lid, a diminished arch profile. On it, a ring mount supports a small balustroid vase that may have had an ornamental metal finial. The lid is smooth-rimmed while the bowl ends in a broad, flat lip ornamented with delicate enamel motifs, such as dolphins, pavilions and fruits, as well as two small masks with boy’s faces in translucent green, reddish and tan and opaque blue enamel. Below, at each end of the bowl, were two female masks between scrolls. Only one of these remains, fashioned with supreme skill and enriched with enamelled details. Two simple mounts join the pyriform stem to the body and to a short-necked foot with an enamelled mount simulating cabochons of ruby and other adornments.

One of the female masks and part of the upper finial were already missing in 1746. The balustroid vase finial appears on some vessels associated with the Miseroni workshop. It is also found on piece O101 at the Prado, and on another lapis lazuli vessel at the Louvre, MR 265, among other examples. The two pieces forming the bowl may be recut Byzantine hardstone, while the mount, or at least the central part, appears to be the work of Jan Vermeyen (Brussels, before 1559-Prague, 1606) or a goldsmith very close to him. It would have been made in Prague during the reign of Rudolf II, possibly in the 1590s or around 1600. Vermeyen’s production is characterised by the presence of pavilions, fruits and other stylised elements, tooled into the smooth surface of the gold and animated by translucent enamels in varied chromatic contrasts. The chalcedony tazza, inv. 1665, at the Kunstkammer of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, also the work of this artist, has a similar design on the adornment of the lip. The same aesthetic is also found in two vessels at the Museo Degli Argenti in Florence: a cup (Inventario Gemme 1921, no. 471) with a similar decorative structure, and another of jasper (Inventario Gemme 1921, no. 411) with a mount from the same workshop. Both date from the second half of the 16th century. In Vienna, another mount by Jan Vermeyen with a boy or young Bacchus of gold on a heliotrope vessel (Kunstkammer, inv. 1871) displays a narrow band of incrusted white enamel, and a second broader band of smooth gold with incrusted enamel in various colours with a design of pavilions, foliage, birds and fruits, reminiscent of both the current vessel, O16, and the simplified design of the foot of O17, whose mounting is attributed by Arbeteta to the circle of this artist.

The state of the work in the 19th century can be seen through the photography of Juan Laurent y Minier, "Vase ovale agate, montures d’or et émaux, XVIe siècle, règne de Charles IX", c. 1879, Museo del Prado, HF0835/11 (L. Arbeteta, in press).

Technical data

Inventory number
O000016
Author
Miseroni, Ottavio; Vermeyen, Jan
Title
Boat-shaped agate cup with two masks and cover
Date
Ca. 1590 (Body); 1590 - 1600 (Adornment)
Technique
Chased; Enamelled; Repoussé; Carved
Medium
Agate; Enamel; Gold
Dimension
Height: 9.2 cm.; Width: 10.4 cm.; Base/bottom: 5.2 cm.; Weight: 125 g.; Ancho base: 4.5 cm.; Bottom of the base: 3.5 cm.
Series
Tesoro del Delfín
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 41.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 302-303.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018.

Other inventories +

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 44 A.
Numº. 44 / Prix contant Pistoles 100. / Un Vase en forme de Coupe ovale d'Agate-Onix sur son pied á balustre et son couvercle de mesme qualité, aux deux bouts dudit Vase est un mascaron d'or, garni au bord du corps et du couvercle et au pied de cercles c'or emaillé de plusieurs couleurs. Au bout du couvercle est un petit Vase d'Agate garni d'or. haut de deux pouces et demi sans le petit vase, long de quatre pouces sur deux de large. / Valeur

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 106.
Una Copita de hechura ovalada con su pie, tapa, y por remate un Botoncito todo de piedra Agata con seis guarniciones de color de oro esmaltado, y parece le falta otro Mascaroncito correspondte. que incluso el remate tiene cinco dedos de alto, sesis de largo, y tres de ancho con Caja de Tafilete negro.

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 55.
Otro vaso pequeño en forma de varco, con su tapa, vasa, y remate, y pie de piedra Agata, guarnezido en la voca de la vasa, y a la parte de afuera una cabeza, en ella, y mas piezas de oro esmaltado de verde, azul, blanco, negro, y rojo; regulado el oro en onza y media poco mas o menos, que juntoa con la piedra y caja de dho vaso vale 3.451...26.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 55.
Otro vaso pequeño en forma de Barco, con su tapa vasa remate y pie de piedra agata, guarnecido en la voca de la basa, y a la parte de afuera una caveza en ella y unas piezas de oro esmaltado de verde, azul, blanco, negro y rojo; regulado el oro en onza y media poco mas ó menos, que junto con la piedra y caja de dho vaso vale 3.451...26</br>[Conforme]

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 55.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 55. Otro vaso pequeño en forma de barco con su base, tapa y remate y pie de pidra Ágata guarnecida la boca de la base, y la parte de afuera una cabeza en ella, y unas piezas de oro esmaltadas de verde, azul, blanco, negro y rojo, regulado el oro en onza y media poco mas o menos.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 09-09-2020 | Registry created on 26-11-2015

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