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Bottle with two mouths and rings
Taller de las Águilas
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Taller de las Águilas

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Bottle with two mouths and rings

1570 - 1600. Rock crystal / Hyaline quartz, Enamel, Gold.
Room 079B

Vessel made up of various assembled pieces of rock crystal and six gold mounts with black enamel. The high body with four large gadroons narrows at the top to form a narrow cruciform neck with a wider moulding and mouth. It has two S-shaped arms ending in volutes and scallop shells. The decoration, similar to that on the vase, O93, and the galley, O114, of the Dauphin’s Treasure, has gadroons rising to the top and a profuse vegetable pattern with stylised eagles on the body. The low foot is also gadrooned. The general appearance evokes an upright oil lamp, a type that resembles contemporary pieces of Venetian glasswork. It also has points in common with a rounded vase with volute handles and two spouts at the Museo degli Argenti, Inventario Gemme 1921, no. 803, related in its turn to another piece, the globular vase E 98 at the Louvre.

The designs, with elongated calyces emerging from a daisy-like corolla, rows of pearls and foliage patterns as seen on the decoration of the body of the bottle, are based on prints of various models of Roman-style foliage, generally derived from the series of Enea Vico.

According to the 1689 Versailles inventory and the one taken at La Granja de San Ildefonso in 1746, it had another gold mount enamelled in black on the foot.

It has points in common with a pair of vases with four mouths at the Kunstkammer of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv. 2364 y 2366, whose bodies are also shaped by four large gadroons, though the design in this case is inverted and the mouth is wider. This points to a common model, but does not imply that they came from the same workshop, since their aesthetic language is different. On this type of luxury object or caprice, functional and formal ambiguity are not fortuitous, since hybrid or monstrous forms and indeterminate utility were aspects that made a piece especially attractive. The 1689 Versailles inventory highlights this indeterminacy by describing vessels of varying appearance and uncertain type as vases à bouquets. Similar difficulties appear in the descriptions in the Spanish inventories of vessels O95, O96 and O100 of the Dauphin’s Treasure, all of which, like this one, could be lamps.

The attribution to what Arbeteta calls the “Workshop of the Eagles” is justified by the decorative characteristics of the vessel and the similarity of its case with those of pieces O93 and O109 of the Dauphin’s Treasure. These peculiarities, together with the common appearance of eagles of one kind or another, have given a name to a hypothetical Milanese workshop close to the Sarachi. Although the inclusion of eagles may be the result of commissions from a specific patron or merely a matter of chance, the cases certainly came from the same workshop as they are decorated with the same tools, with the addition in this case of the crowned eagle, possibly a heraldic reference to the shield of Poland or Swabia.

Original state: Juan Laurent y Minier, “Flacon, en cristal de roche taillé et gravé, montures d’or et émail, XVIe siècle, règne de Henri II”, c. 1879. Museo del Prado, HF0835/43.

Technical data

Inventory number
Taller de las Águilas
Bottle with two mouths and rings
1570 - 1600
Enamelled; Carved; Engraved
Rock crystal / Hyaline quartz; Enamel; Gold
Height: 28.5 cm; Width: 16 cm; Base/bottom: 14 cm; Weight: 817 g; Ancho base: 8.6 cm; Bottom of the base: 7.5 cm
Tesoro del Delfín
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 156.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 222,223.

Arbeteta, Leticia, 'Tesoro del delfín. Una herencia de la familia real francesa' En:, Los tesoros ocultos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 2017, pp. 248-276.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018.

Azcue Brea, Leticia, Rarezas y lujo para deslumbrar: el Tesoro del Delfín., Ars & Renovatio.Centro de Estudios de Arte del Renacimiento, 7, 2019, pp. 504-519.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 117.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 117. Un genero de frasco de cristal de roca con su boca, dos generos de picos, y pie, cuyo frasco esta astriado y abierto todo el con hojas y ramos al pie, a los lados; en la boca y pico tiene sus engarces de oro esmaltado de negro, y en los de abajo dos asas para meter cordones, con otras dos al cuello para lo mismo.

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 117.
Un genero de frasco de cristal de roca con su voca, dos generos de pias y pie. cuio frasco esta astriado, y abierto todo él con hojas y ramos al pie; a los lados en la voca, y pico tiene sus engarzes de oro, esmaltado de negro, y en los de abajao dos asas pª. meter cordones, con otras dos al cuello para lo mismo, vale 9.359...11.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 117.
Un genero de frasco de cristal de roca con su voca dos generos de pias y pie, cuyo frasco está estriado y abierto todo el con hojas y ramos al pie, a los lados en la boca y pico, tienen sus engarces de oro esmaltado de negro, y en los de abajo dos asas para meter cordones con otras dos al cuello para lo mismo: vale ... 9.359...11 [Conforme]

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 68.
Un Frasco con su pie boca, y dos Aguamaniles todo de Christal de Roca gravada de Flores con siete guarniciones de Color de Oro Esmaltado, y las tres de ellas con quatro Sortijas como para tener Cordones; Tiene una tercia de alto, y Caja de Tafilete negro.

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 29 C.
Numº. 29 / Prix contant Pistoles 50 / Un grand Vase à bouquets en forme de Bouteille à 4 godrons, gravée autour du corps de feüillages, oiseaux et autres ornemens avec son gouleau à quatre godrons et aux costez deux autres petits gouleaux á cinq petits godrons et au bas du corps deux petites attaches d'or emaillées de noir pour y mettre une chaine. Le tout porté sur un pied bas garni de deux cercles d'or emaillez de noir comme aux trois gouleaux, haut de dix pouces et demi. / Valeur 100

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Update date: 30-04-2022 | Registry created on 02-12-2015

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