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Diana and Callisto
Pierre, Jean-Baptiste-Marie
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Pierre, Jean-Baptiste-Marie

Paris (France), 1714 - Paris (France), 1789

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Diana and Callisto

1745 - 1749. Oil on canvas.
Room 020

In Book II of his Metamorphosis, Ovid tells how Jupiter tricked Callisto. This very beautiful nymph who was part of Diana the Huntress´ entourage was seduced by Jupiter, who took on the appearance of that goddess. When she became pregnant, Callisto attempted to hide her state from Diana, who was a virgin and demanded the same of all her entourage. Jupiter converted his lover into a bear in order to free her of Diana´s punishment, but when the latter found out, she killed the nymph with her arrows. When she died, Jupiter carried her into the heavens, placing her among the stars, where she became the constellation of the Big Bear. Pierre depicts the moment when Jupiter first tricked Callisto, who abandons herself in the embrace of Jupiter, disguised as Diana. In order to distinguish one from the other, the artist uses one of the goddess´s symbols, a crescent moon, as her headdress. A cupid playing nearby reclines on the Huntress´s quiver. This work is the companion to Jupiter and Antiope (P03218).

Technical data

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Inventory number
Pierre, Jean-Baptiste-Marie
Diana and Callisto
1745 - 1749
Height: 114 cm; Width: 197 cm
Acquisition, 1970.

Bibliography +

Luna, J. J., Dos lienzos de Jean-Baptiste Pierre en el Museo del Prado, ARCHIVO ESPAÑOL DE ARTE, 45, 1972, pp. 403-405 / lám. II.

Salas, Xavier de, Adquisiciones del Museo del Prado, Goya: Revista de arte, 134, 1976, pp. 69.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado: adquisiciones de 1969 a 1977, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1978, pp. 47.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 507.

Bettagno, Alessandro, El Museo del Prado, Fonds Mercator Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. 718.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (III). Nuevas Adquisiciones. Museo Iconográfico. Tapices., Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996, pp. nº1626.

G. Navarro, C.; Perdices, A., La mirada del otro: escenarios para la diferencia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2017, pp. 79 n.21.

Trans: Diversidad de identidades y roles de género, Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Madrid, 2017, pp. 25,84 f.18a.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1985. Núm. 3217.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1996. Núm. 3217.

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1926.
Autor: Jean Baptiste Marie Pierre / 1926. Asunto: Diana y Calisto. / Lienzo: 178 x 114 (sic) / Nº de catálogo: 3217 / Adquirido por el patrimonio artístico

Exhibitions +

Arte y mito. Los dioses del Prado
15.10.2020 - 14.03.2021

Trans. Identidades y roles de género en las culturas del mundo
22.06.2017 - 24.09.2017

Location +

Room 020 (On Display)

Update date: 11-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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