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Doña Urraca
Múgica y Pérez, Carlos
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Múgica y Pérez, Carlos

Villanueva de Cameros, La Rioja, 1821, 1868

See author's file

Doña Urraca

1857. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

In order to become the queen of Leon, Doña Urraca was remarried against her will in 1109 to the king of Aragon, Alfonso I the Battler, with whom she was at constant loggerheads until their final separation. In the nineteenth century, she became a mythicised figure who was portrayed in plays and novels as a passionate and erratic woman. To counteract this image, Múgica showed her descending from her legitimate throne with a serene expression of authority.

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Múgica y Pérez, Carlos
Doña Urraca
Height: 222.4 cm; Width: 138.5 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection; Museo del Prado, 1857-1896; Museo de Arte Moderno, 1896-1971

Bibliography +

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IV. Alto Estado Mayor, Boletín del Museo del Prado, II, Madrid, 1981, pp. 60.

Pérez Sánchez, A. E., La serie iconográfica de los reyes de España en relación con el Alcázar de Segovia, Segovia, 1984, pp. 33-41.

Noticias del Prado. Levantamiento de depósitos. Barcelona. Museo de Arte de Cataluña, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 8, Madrid, 1987, pp. 206.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº3029.

Orihuela Maeso, Mercedes y de Castro Sánchez, Mª Teresa, Presencia del Museo del Prado en el Congreso de los Diputados, Revista de las Cortes Generales, 73, 2008, pp. 486-487.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina, arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, Madrid, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 430.

G. Navarro, Carlos, Invitadas. Fragmentos sobre mujeres, ideología y artes plásticas en España (1833-1931), Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2020, pp. 128 nº 3.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Adiciones, 1857-1870. Núm. 3029.
3029. Dª Urraca de Múgica / Alto 8 pies; Ancho 5 pies.

Actas del envío de cuadros del Prado al Museo de Arte Moderno. Núm. 3029.

Inv. General del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1902. Núm. 367.

Inscriptions +

C. Mugica / 1857
Signed and dated. Front, lower right corner

DOÑA URRACA murió 1126
Front, lower central area

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower right corner

Location +

Madrid - Congreso de los Diputados (Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Ceramic floor




Crown / Wreath

Update date: 16-02-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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