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Elephant. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)
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Elephant. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)

Ca. 1125. Fresco painting on mural transferred to canvas, 205 x 135 cm.

This set of mural paintings that adorned the interior of the early eleventh-century Mozarabe church of San Baudelio de Berlanga was taken off the walls and exported to the United States in 1926, where it was divided among different institutions. Pieces from that set are now exhibited in museums in Boston and Indianapolis, and at the Cloisters Museum in New York. The six fragments were part of the decoration of the inner register of the nave of the Hermitage of San Baudelio, and the front of the choir stalls. All of the subjects were secular. The compositions are simple, using primary colors, and the figures are flat, with very summary profiles. The present piece was originally located on the wall running along the platform west of the body of the hermitage, alongside the Bear (P07263), from which it was separated by a band of color that delimits it and the rest of the secular paintings. Here, the backgrounds also vary, with red for the elephant, and a lighter color for the bear. The elephant symbolizes humility and is associated with Christ. He carries a castle on his back, which the medieval text that explains animal symbolism, the Physiology, associates with humankind´s ills and suffering. Access to the six fragments: Elephant (P07264); Hare Hunting (P07265); Deer Hunting (P07268); Soldier or Beater (P07266); Curtain (P07267); Bear (P07263).

Technical data

Related artworks

Bear. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)
Fresco painting on wall covering, Ca. 1125
Soldier. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)
Fresco painting on wall covering, Ca. 1125
Curtain. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)
Fresco painting on wall covering, Ca. 1125
Inventory number
P07264
Author
Anónimo
Title
Elephant. Hermitage of San Baudelio. Casillas de Berlanga (Soria)
Date
Ca. 1125
Technique
Fresco painting
Support
Mural transferred to canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 205 cm.; Width: 135 cm.
Serie
Pinturas murales de San Baudelio de Casillas de Berlanga.
Provenance
San Baudelio de Casillas de Berlanga, Soria, 1926; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1926-1957; entered the Prado Museum Museo as an indefinite temporary deposit of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957.

Bibliography +

Garnelo, José, Descripción de las pinturas de la Ermita de San Baudelio CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES, 1924, pp. 97.

Cook, Walter W. S., Romanesque Spanish Mural Painting, Nueva York The College Art Association of America, 1929.

Gaya Nuño, Juan Antonio, La pintura románica en Castilla, Madrid Instituto Diego Velázquez, del C.S.I.C., 1954.

Cook, Walter W.S., Las pinturas románicas de San Baudelio de Berlanga FUNDACION LAZARO GALDIANO, 1955, pp. 2.

Camón Aznar, José, Pinturas mozárabes de San Baudelio de Berlanga FUNDACION LAZARO GALDIANO, 1958, pp. 76.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier (1891-1971)), Seis Fragmentos de Decoracion Mural de San Baudelio de Berla, Soria Centro de Estudios Sorianos,, 1959.

Sánchez Cantón, F.J., Adquisiciones del Museo del Prado DPTO. Hº ARTE DIEGO VELAZQUEZ, 1962, pp. 303-304.

Zozaya, Juan, Algunas observaciones en torno a la ermita de San Baudelio de Casillas de Berlanga, 1976, pp. 307-338.

Rogers, Millard F., Spanish Painting in the Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati Cincinnati, 1978, pp. 15-17 y 43-48 (lám.).

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985, pp. 795.

La Pintura Española, Milan Electa, 1995, pp. 52.

Muñoz Jiménez, José Miguel, Las pinturas de San Baudelio de Berlanga y el tapiz de Bayeux: la posible inspiración nórdica del ciclo profano FUNDACION LAZARO GALDIANO, 1996, pp. 12 y ss..

Sandete, Mª José, San Baudelio. Del páramo al Prado CIPSA EDITORIAL, 2000, pp. 52-58.

Escolano Benito, Agustin, La Ermita de San Baudelio de Berlanga : las Pinturas de la B, Valladolid Junta de Castilla y Leon, 2001.

Portús, Javier, La Coleccion de Pintura Española en el Museo del Prado, Madrid Edilupa, 2003, pp. 19.

Martínez Ruiz, María José, La enajenación de obras de arte en Castilla y León en el siglo XX (1900-1936). Tesis doctoral, Valladolid Universidad de Valladolid, 2005.

Teres Navarro, Elías, El expolio de las pinturas murales de la ermita mozárabe de San Baudelio de Berlanga : Fundación Lázaro Galdiano, 2007, pp. 199-214.

Teres Navarro, Elias, El expolio de las pinturas murales de la ermita mozárabe : S... : Ochoa Editores, 2008.

Martínez Ruiz, María José, La enajenación del patrimonio en Castilla y León (1900-1936), Salamanca Junta de Castilla y León, Consejera de Cultura, 2008, pp. 213-276.

Martínez Ruiz, María José, La enajenación del patrimonio en Castilla y León (1900-1936), Salamanca Junta de Castilla y León, Consejera de Cultura, 2008, pp. 213-276.

Martínez Ruiz, María José, La enajenación del patrimonio en Castilla y León (1900-1936), Salamanca Junta de Castilla y León, Consejera de Cultura, 2008, pp. 213-276.

Las Edades del Hombre (15ª. Soria. 2009), Paisaje interior : Fundación Las Edades del Hombre, 2009, pp. 163-183.

Guardia Pons, Milagros, San Baudelio de Berlanga, una encrucijada : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2011.

Martínez Ruiz, Mª José, 'La venta y el expolio del patrimonio románico de Castilla y León: el caso de las pinturas murales'. En: La diáspora del románico hispano: de la protección al expolio, Palencia Fundación Santa María la Real, 2013, pp. 13-57 [19-36].

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Location +

Room 051C (On Display)

Update date: 04-02-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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